Sandra Nassa Sampietre

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OBJECTIVES Severe acute pancreatitis (AP) is characterized by hemodynamic alterations and a systemic inflammatory response, leading to a high mortality rate. Treatment of hemorrhagic shock with hypertonic saline solutions significantly reduces mortality through an improvement in the hemodynamic conditions and possibly by an anti-inflammatory effect.(More)
OBJECTIVES Intraperitoneal administration of trypsin stimulates the production of cytokines from peritoneal macrophages. Removing the pancreatitis-associated ascitic fluid from the peritoneal cavity may decrease the systemic inflammatory response in acute pancreatitis (AP). We investigated the effect of peritoneal lavage on the systemic inflammatory(More)
Ninety Wistar rats were studied to confirm if the intestinal tract is a source of infection in acute pancreatitis. Bacterial translocation to the mesenteric lymph nodes, pancreas, peritoneal cavity, and blood was determined at 6 h, 24 h, 48 h and 96 hours after induction of non lethal acute pancreatitis. Bacterial growing was present in 60% (6 h), 90% (24(More)
OBJECTIVES Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a serious disease that is amplified by an associated systemic inflammatory response. We investigated the effect of CO2 pneumoperitoneum on the local and systemic inflammatory response in AP. METHODS Acute pancreatitis was induced in Wistar rats by 5% taurocholate intraductal injection. Carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum(More)
The present study was undertaken to investigate the involvement of PAF in acute pancreatitis induced by cerulein in rats. Cerulein (two doses of 20 micrograms/rat, the first s.c. and the second i.v., 1 h apart) induced a significant increase in vascular permeability in the pancreas, evaluated by the Evans blue (EB) extravasation method. Plasma amylase(More)
OBJECTIVE Acute pancreatitis is one the important causes of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). SIRS results in gut barrier dysfunction that allows bacterial translocation and pancreatic infection to occur. Indomethacin has been used to reduce inflammatory process and bacterial translocation in experimental models. The purpose of this study was(More)
Administration of hypertonic saline (HS) solution to rats with acute pancreatitis (AP) decreases mortality and systemic inflammation. We hypothesized that these effects are related not only to systemic inflammatory reduction, but also to a reduction of the pancreatic lesion. Acute pancreatitis was induced in Wistar rats by injection of 2.5% sodium(More)
INTRODUCTION Some studies demonstrate the crucial role of proteases in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis (AP). Systemic release of proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been demonstrated in AP, yet the mechanism of activation remains unclear. Furthermore, it is not known if the amount of(More)
BACKGROUND During liver ischemia, the decrease in mitochondrial energy causes cellular damage that is aggravated after reperfusion. This injury can trigger a systemic inflammatory syndrome, also producing remote organ damage. Several substances have been employed to decrease this inflammatory response during liver transplantation, liver resections, and(More)
AIM To investigate the effect of diazoxide administration on liver ischemia/reperfusion injury. METHODS Wistar male rats underwent partial liver ischemia performed by clamping the pedicle from the medium and left anterior lateral segments for 1 h under mechanical ventilation. They were divided into 3 groups: Control Group, rats submitted to liver(More)