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A major function of TFIID is core promoter recognition. TFIID consists of TATA-binding protein (TBP) and 14 TBP-associated factors (TAFs). Most of them contain a histone fold domain (HFD) that lacks the DNA-contacting residues of histones. Whether and how TAF HFDs contribute to core promoter DNA binding are yet unresolved. Here we examined the DNA binding(More)
In this study we show that the pathophysiology of anaphylaxis includes generation of nitric oxide (NO), a very powerful, short-acting vasodilator. Guinea-pigs sensitized to ovalbumin were treated with 200 microgram/kg diphenylene iodonium (DPI), and NO synthase inhibitor, prior to antigen challenge. Mortality following the challenge fell from 71 to 39% (p <(More)
NF-kappaB induces the expression of genes involved in immune response, apoptosis, inflammation, and the cell cycle. Certain NF-kappaB-responsive genes are activated rapidly after the cell is stimulated by cytokines and other extracellular signals. However, the mechanism by which these genes are activated is not entirely understood. Here we report that even(More)
In the human keratinocyte cell line HaCaT, reactive oxygen species (ROS) were generated in a dose- and time-dependent manner in response to epidermal growth factor (EGF), bradykinin, thapsigargin, and the Ca(2+)-ionophore A23187, agonists that interact with different primary cell targets. ROS formation was assessed by both chemiluminescence- and(More)
During inflammation and other pathological states, the lipid mediator platelet-activating factor (PAF) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) are both generated. We have been investigating the effect of exogenous PAF on ROS formation in the human keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT). ROS production, measured using luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence (CL), proved to be(More)
The major core promoter-binding factor in polymerase II transcription machinery is TFIID, a complex consisting of TBP, the TATA box-binding protein, and 13 to 14 TBP-associated factors (TAFs). Previously we found that the histone H2A-like TAF paralogs TAF4 and TAF4b possess DNA-binding activity. Whether TAF4/TAF4b DNA binding directs TFIID to a specific(More)
Actively sensitized guinea pigs were rendered Mg(2+)-deficient for 2-3 weeks and then subjected to immune stress. No differences could be seen between treated and control groups prior to immune challenge. 1-2 h after antigen challenge, 95% of the Mg(2+)-deficient animals were observed to be anaphylactic, i.e. apathetic, dyspneic, and they had a rapid pulse(More)
The pathophysiological responses to immune stress (IS) include activation of several processes which are dependent on cytosolic Ca2+ elevation. Magnesium frequently acts as a natural Ca2+ antagonist. In this study we have observed that Mg2+ can protect guinea-pigs against IS. Antigen-sensitized guinea-pigs, which had been fed a magnesium-deficient diet,(More)
BACKGROUND Diversity in rates of gene expression is essential for basic cell functions and is controlled by a variety of intricate mechanisms. Revealing general mechanisms that control gene expression is important for understanding normal and pathological cell functions and for improving the design of expression systems. Here we analyzed the relationship(More)
The aim of the study was to explore the possible interrelationship between reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and cPLA2 activation and the mediator role that [Ca2+]i may play in these processes in the human keratinocyte cell line, HaCaT. HaCaT cells can be invoked to transiently produce ROS by epidermal growth factor (EGF), thapsigargin (TPG) and the(More)