Sandra M Winter

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The topic of motor vehicle crashes among the elderly is dynamic and multi-faceted requiring a comprehensive and synergistic approach to intervention planning. This approach must be based on the values of a given population as well as health statistics and asserted through community, organizational and policy strategies. An integrated summary of the(More)
The toxicokinetics of salicylazosulfapyridine (SASP) and its metabolites were investigated in male and female B6C3F1 mice either following single intravenous (5 mg/kg) or oral (67.5, 675, 1350, and 2700 mg/kg) doses, or following three consecutive daily oral doses (675, 1350, and 2700 mg/kg). Plasma concentrations of SASP and its metabolites were quantified(More)
Screening tools such as the MMSE have been used extensively in driving research studies to determine mild cognitive impairment or dementia. While some studies have shown the MMSE to correlate with driving performance, few studies have shown the predictive validity of the MMSE in determining on-road performance. In a sample of 168 community dwelling older(More)
We used Safe Driving Behavior Measure (SDBM) to determine rater reliability and rater effects (erratic responses, severity, leniency) in three rater groups: 80 older drivers (mean age = 73.26, standard deviation = 5.30), 80 family members or caregivers (age range = 20-85 yr), and two driving evaluators. Rater agreement was significant only between the(More)
The Useful Field of View(®) (UFOV) and Trail Making Test Part B (Trails B) are measures of divided attention. We determined which measure was more accurate in predicting on-road outcomes among drivers (N = 198, mean age = 73.86, standard deviation = 6.05). Receiver operating characteristic curves for the UFOV (Risk Index [RI] and Subtests 1-3) and Trails B(More)
We investigated the psychometric properties of the 68-item Safe Driving Behavior Measure (SDBM) with 80 older drivers, 80 caregivers, and 2 evaluators from two sites. Using Rasch analysis, we examined unidimensionality and local dependence; rating scale; item- and person-level psychometrics; and item hierarchy of older drivers, caregivers, and driving(More)
We employed item response theory (IRT), specifically using Rasch modeling, to determine the measurement precision of the Fitness-to-Drive Screening Measure (FTDS), a tool that can be used by caregivers and occupational therapists to help detect at-risk drivers. We examined unidimensionality through the factor structure (how items contribute to the central(More)
People with epilepsy (PWE) may experience seizures that constitute a risk to road safety. Consequently, many states have instituted restrictions, such as being seizure-free for intervals of 3 to 12 months, before driving can be resumed. However, 30% of drivers with recurrent seizures still drive despite having a restricted license. As a result of recurrent(More)
Occupational therapists and certified driving rehabilitation specialists are uniquely skilled to assess functional abilities underlying driving performance. However, little information exists on the utility of clinical assessments to determine driving performance in people with epilepsy. This case study demonstrates how an occupational therapy evaluation(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to synopsize the evidence on predictors of crashes and driving status in people with epilepsy (PWE). METHODS Evidence-based review of the published English literature was the method used. We searched various databases and extracted data from 16 (of 77) primary studies. On the basis of American Academy of Neurology(More)