Sandra Lukic

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Group III metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are thought to modulate neurotoxicity of excitatory amino acids, via mechanisms of presynaptic inhibition, such as regulation of neurotransmitter release. Here, we describe (R,S)-4-phosphonophenylglycine (PPG) as a novel, potent, and selective agonist for group III mGluRs. In recombinant cell lines(More)
We have used potent and selective non-competitive antagonists of metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGlu5) -- 2-methyl-6-phenylethynylpyridine (MPEP), [6-methyl-2-(phenylazo)-3-pyridinol] (SIB-1757) and [(E)-2-methyl-6-(2-phenylethenyl)pyridine] (SIB-1893) - to examine whether endogenous activation of this particular metabotropic glutamate receptor(More)
Activation of group III metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR4, mGluR6, mGluR7, and mGluR8) has been established to be neuroprotective in vitro and in vivo. To disclose the identity of the receptor subtype(s) that exert(s) the protective effect, we have used group III agonists in combination with mGluR4 subtype-deficient mice (-/-). In cortical cultures(More)
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) are related intestinal pathogens that harbor highly similar pathogenicity islands known as the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE). Despite their genetic similarity, these two pathogens disrupt epithelial tight junction barrier function with distinct kinetics. EHEC-induced(More)
Two splice variants of the human metabotropic glutamate receptor 7, named hmGluR7a and hmGluR7b, were isolated from a human brain cDNA library. The isoforms differ by an out-of-frame insertion of 92 nucleotides close to the C-terminus of the hmGluR7 coding region, hmGluR7a has a length of 915 amino acids and represents the human homolog of the recently(More)
A cDNA encoding the human metabotropic glutamate receptor type 2 (hmGluR2) was isolated from human brain cDNA libraries by cross-hybridization with rat mGluR2 probes. The deduced amino acid sequence of the human mGluR2 receptor consists of 872 residues and shows a sequence identity of 97% to the amino acid sequence of rat mGluR2. Northern blot analyses(More)
The two reported metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) antagonists, alpha-methyl-cyclopropyl glycine (MCCG) and alpha-methyl-aminophosphonobutyrate (MAP4) were tested on the mGluR1b, mGluR2 and mGluR4a subtypes of human mGluRs. Neither MCCG (500 microM) nor MAP4 (500 microM) antagonized the activation of mGluR1b by 10 microM quisqualate. MCCG was found to(More)
A cDNA encoding the human metabotropic glutamate receptor type 4 (hmGluR4) was isolated from human brain cDNA libraries by cross-hybridization with rat mGluR4 probes. The deduced amino acid sequence of human mGluR4 consists of 912 residues and shows a sequence identity of 96% to the amino acid sequence of rat mGluR4. Northern blot analyses indicate that(More)
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) pathogenesis requires the delivery of effector proteins into host cytosol by a type III secretion system. The effector protein EspF, while critical for disruption of epithelial barrier function through alteration of tight junctions, is not required for bacterial viability or attachment. Yeast two-hybrid analyses(More)
Endogenous retroviruses (ERVs) are remnants of ancient retroviral infections of the germ line that can remain capable of replication within the host genome. In the soma, DNA methylation and repressive chromatin keep the majority of this parasitic DNA transcriptionally silent. However, it is unclear how the host organism adapts to recognize and silence novel(More)
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