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High-affinity Ca(2+)-activated ATPases that do not show any demonstrable dependence on Mg2+ have been reported in the plasma membranes of different trypanosomatids, and it has been suggested [McLaughlin (1985) Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 15, 189-201; Ghosh, Ray, Sarkar & Bhaduri (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 11345-11351] that these enzymes may have a role in Ca2+(More)
Severe schistosomiasis is a rare event in Venezuela nowadays, after a successful national campaign by the Schistosomiasis Control Program. Unfortunately, this program has practically disappeared, and snail surveillance in field is not a priority, anymore. Thus, schistosomiasis has become a neglected disease in this country. However, surveys in different(More)
After 57 years of successful control of schistosomiasis in Venezuela, the prevalence and intensity of infection have declined. Approximately 80% of the individuals eliminate less than 100 eggs/g of stools, therefore morbidity is mild and the majority are asymptomatic. The sensitivity of Kato-Katz decreases to approximately 60%. Available serological methods(More)
Low and very-low intensities of infection hinder the diagnosis of schistosomiasis. Therefore, new parameters should be established in order to more accurately identify active cases and true infection prevalence, for the adequate implementation of a control program. After the survey and analysis of the epidemiological characteristics of five Venezuelan(More)
In areas of low transmission of schistosomiasis, the evaluation of the success of control depends on reliable diagnostic tests. Under such conditions, some of the serological tests better estimate the real prevalence of this parasitosis than the classical stool examinations. On the search of highly sensitive and specific antigenic fractions for use in(More)
It is not unusual to find common molecules among different species of the genus Schistosoma. When those molecules are antigenic, they may be used in immunodiagnosis and vaccines, but they could also be applied to taxonomic and evolutionary studies. To study cross-reactivity and antigenic community among different species of schistosomes, plasmas from(More)
The alkaline phosphatase immunoassay (APIA) is an antibody detection technique which permits the diagnosis of schistosomiasis using a butanolic extract preparation from adult worms. APIA has demonstrated high sensitivity and specificity in previous reports with well characterized human sera. Its potential as a diagnostic tool for epidemiological(More)
Schistosomiasis low transmission areas as Venezuela, can be defined as those where the vector exists, the prevalence of active cases is under 25%, individuals with mild intensity of infection predominate and are mostly asymptomatic. These areas are the consequence of effective control programs, however, "silent" epidemiological places are difficult to(More)
The asparaginyl endopeptidase (Sm32) is expressed in the gastrodermal cells of the schistosome gut and in the head glands of the cercariae. Possibly, Sm32 hydrolyzes pro-proteins involved in the degradation of host hemoglobin [Parasitol. Today 12 (1996) 125]. Preliminary evidences using an Sj32/Sm32 murine vaccine have shown a profound effect on oviposition(More)
ELISA with soluble egg antigen (SEA) from Schistosoma mansoni is widely used in the diagnosis of schistosomiasis, but cross-reactivity with other intestinal helminths, overestimating the true prevalence, represents a great limitation. The role of glycoproteins of SEA in cross-reactions was investigated. SEA was oxidized with sodium metaperiodate (SMP) in(More)