Sandra Labocha

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Specific somatosensations may be processed by different subsets of primary afferents. C-fibers expressing heat-sensitive TRPV1 channels are proposed, for example, to be heat but not mechanical pain detectors. To phenotype in rats the sensory function of TRPV1(+) afferents, we rapidly and selectively silenced only their activity, by introducing the(More)
BACKGROUND Autotaxin (ATX) and its product lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) are considered to be involved in the development of liver fibrosis and elevated levels of serum ATX have been found in patients with hepatitis C virus associated liver fibrosis. However, the clinical role of systemic ATX in the stages of liver cirrhosis was unknown. Here we investigated(More)
A new analytical method for the quantitation of the orally active immunomodulatory drug FTY720 and its phosphate derivative in human plasma and murine subcellular compartments has been developed. The samples undergo a liquid-liquid extraction process before they are injected into a liquid chromatographic system coupled to a tandem mass spectrometer(More)
BACKGROUND The management of procedural pain in children ranges from physical restraint to pharmacological interventions. Pediatric formulations that permit accurate dosing, are accepted by children and a have a rapid onset of analgesia are lacking. OBJECTIVES To investigate a pediatric formulation of intranasal sufentanil 0.5 mcg·kg(-1) and ketamine 0.5(More)
Cannabis is not only a widely used illicit drug but also a substance which can be used in pharmacological therapy because of its analgesic, antiemetic, and antispasmodic properties. A very rapid and sensitive method for determination of ∆(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the principal active component of cannabis, and two of its phase I metabolites in plasma(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Selective nociceptor fibre block is achieved by introducing the cell membrane impermeant sodium channel blocker lidocaine N-ethyl bromide (QX-314) through transient receptor potential V1 (TRPV1) channels into nociceptors. We screened local anaesthetics for their capacity to activate TRP channels, and characterized the nerve block(More)
GTP cyclohydrolase (GCH1) is the key-enzyme to produce the essential enzyme cofactor, tetrahydrobiopterin. The byproduct, neopterin is increased in advanced human cancer and used as cancer-biomarker, suggesting that pathologically increased GCH1 activity may promote tumor growth. We found that inhibition or silencing of GCH1 reduced tumor cell proliferation(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Prostaglandin [PG] D2 activates two receptors, DP and CRTH2. Antagonism of CRTH2 has been shown to promote anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory effects. We investigated whether CRTH2 may play a role in Crohn's disease [CD], focusing on eosinophils which are widely present in the inflamed mucosa of CD patients and express both receptors.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Recurrence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection after orthotopical liver transplantation (OLT) is common and associated with reduced graft and patient survival. The protease inhibitor telaprevir may enhance virological response rates in patients after OLT in combination with pegylated interferon-alfa and ribavirin. Pharmacokinetic studies(More)
Lipoxins belong to the family of so-called pro-resolving endogenous lipid mediators which are derived from arachidonic acid and play a key role in the counter-regulation of inflammation. Arachidonic acid is also precursor of multiple pro-inflammatory lipid mediators, such as prostaglandins and leukotrienes, which are simultaneously present in biological(More)