Sandra L. Titus

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Although physician appearance has been a topic of interest to medical historians for more than two centuries, little objective investigation has been made into patients' and physicians' attitudes toward the physician's appearance. This study analyzed responses from 404 patients, residents, and staff physicians regarding their attitudes toward various(More)
Institutions receiving federal funding for research from the U.S.Public Health Service need to have policies and procedures to both prevent research misconduct and to adjudicate it when it occurs. The person who is designated to handle research misconduct is typically referred to as the research integrity officer (RIO). In this interview study we report on(More)
Making an allegation of research misconduct can be stressful for a whistleblower. The Research Integrity Officer (RIO) can play an important role in helping reduce the stress by thoroughly discussing what whistleblowers can expect if they make an allegation. Through interviews with 77 RIOs who had recently handled a research misconduct case, we found that(More)
We are reporting on how involved the mentor was in promoting responsible research in cases of research misconduct. We reviewed the USPHS misconduct files of the Office of Research Integrity. These files are created by Institutions who prosecute a case of possible research misconduct; ORI has oversight review of these investigations. We explored the role of(More)
The importance of public confidence in scientific findings and trust in scientists cannot be overstated. Thus, it becomes critical for the scientific community to focus on enhancing the strategies used to educate future scientists on ethical research behaviors. What we are lacking is knowledge on how faculty members shape and develop ethical research(More)
We know from major scandals in the recent past that many professions have been severely and adversely affected when our society recognized large lapses in ethical standards. Unfortunately, each profession has suffered from members who knew about fraudulent or other highly problematic behaviors, but who contributed to cover-ups such that the public remained(More)
referred to as inadequate statistical power. By 1830, polymath Charles Babbage was writing in more cynical terms. In Reflections on the Decline of Science in England, he complains of “several species of impositions that have been practised in science”, namely “hoaxing, forging, trimming and cooking”. In other words, irreproducibility is the product of two(More)
Solid organ transplant provides lifesaving therapy for infants and children with otherwise terminal diseases, but it is severely limited by donor organ supply. Medical examiners perform a pivotal role in the organ procurement process by determining whether a "heartbeating cadaver" on life support is a medicolegally suitable donor. This descriptive(More)