Horse domestication revolutionized transport, communications, and warfare in prehistory, yet the identification of early domestication processes has been problematic. Here, we present three independent lines of evidence demonstrating domestication in the Eneolithic Botai Culture of Kazakhstan, dating to about 3500 B.C.E. Metrical analysis of horse… (More)
With a case study of the digital reconstruction of a village 5,000 years ago, the authors revealed the discovery process behind the scene, such as inverse physics process with decision-making and analogies. It is found that digital reconstruction enhances the understanding of archeological details, spatial relationship, and cross-referencing with field data.
Cover illustration: Artist's depiction of the living Laotian rodent Laonastes aenigmamus standing upon lacustrine strata containing a well-preserved skeleton of the early Miocene rodent Diatomys shantungensis. Mary Dawson and her colleagues were the first to recognize that Laonastes is a surviving member of the otherwise extinct rodent clade Diatomyidae… (More)