Sandra L Fitzpatrick

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Annexin II tetramer (AIIt) is an important endothelial cell surface protein receptor for plasminogen and t-PA. AIIt, a heterotetramer, is composed of two p36 subunits (called annexin II) and two p11 subunits. In this report, we have compared the ability of the isolated p36 and p11 subunits to stimulate t-PA-dependent [Glu]plasminogen activation. The(More)
The annexin A2-S100A10 heterotetramer (AIIt) is a multifunctional Ca(2+)-dependent, phospholipid-binding, and F-actin-binding phosphoprotein composed of two annexin A2 subunits and two S100A10 subunits. It was reported previously that oxidative stress from exogenous hydrogen peroxide or generated in response to tumor necrosis factor-alpha results in the(More)
Annexin II tetramer (AIIt) is a major Ca2+-binding protein of endothelial cells which has been shown to exist on both the intracellular and extracellular surfaces of the plasma membrane. In this report, we demonstrate that AIIt stimulates the activation of plasminogen by facilitating the tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA)-dependent conversion of(More)
In this report, we have characterized the interaction of heparin with the Ca2+- and phospholipid-binding protein annexin II tetramer (AIIt). Analysis of the circular dichroism spectra demonstrated that the Ca2+-dependent binding of AIIt to heparin caused a large decrease in the alpha-helical content of AIIt from approximately 44 to 31%, a small decrease in(More)
Tumor or tumor-associated cells cleave circulating plasminogen into three or four kringle-containing antiangiogenic fragments, collectively referred to as angiostatin. Angiostatin blocks tumor growth and metastasis by preventing the growth of endothelial cells that are critical for tumor vascularization. Here, we show that cancer and normal cells convert(More)
The enzymatic cascade triggered by activation of plasminogen has been implicated in a variety of normal and pathologic events, such as fibrinolysis, wound healing, tissue remodeling, embryogenesis, and the invasion and spread of transformed tumor cells. Recent data established that the Ca(2+)- and phospholipid-binding protein, annexin II heterotetramer(More)
Annexin II heterotetramer (AIIt) is a Ca(2+)- and phospholipid-binding protein that consists of two copies of a p36 and p11 subunit. AIIt regulates the production and autoproteolysis of plasmin at the cell surface. In addition to its role as a key cellular protease, plasmin also plays a role in angiogenesis as the precursor for antiangiogenic proteins.(More)
Previously, a mixture of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isoforms reduced parathyroid hormone (PTH) in male rats over 8 weeks. The objective herein was to determine which isoform caused the reduction in PTH; whether the effect was sex specific; and whether CLA-induced reductions in PTH were sustained. Male and female weanling rats (n=48) were randomized to a(More)
The Ca(2+)-dependent phospholipid-binding protein annexin II heterotetramer (AIIt) is composed of two copies of annexin II and a p11 dimer. The interaction of the carboxyl-terminal lysine residues of the p11 subunit of AIIt with the lysine-binding kringle domains of plasminogen is believed to play a key role in plasminogen binding and stimulation of the(More)
Calcium-dependent association with a detergent-extracted particulate fraction was used as the first step in the purification of a group of phospholipid binding proteins. Elution of the detergent-insoluble fraction with excess ethylene glycol bis(beta-aminoethyl ether)-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (EGTA) resulted in the release of several soluble proteins,(More)