Sandra L. Dildine

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Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL; EC 4.3.1.5) genomic sequences were isolated from bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genomic libraries using elicitor-induced bean PAL cDNA sequences as a probe. Southern blot hybridization of genomic DNA fragments revealed three divergent classes of PAL genes in the bean genome. Polymorphic forms were observed within each class.(More)
Sigma is a 340- or 341-base pair repetitive element which is located almost exclusively within 19 base pairs of the 5' ends of various tRNA genes in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome. Although most sigma elements characterized to date are isolated insertions, a few of the elements occur relatively closely spaced. One of these pairs is a direct repeat of(More)
Position-specific integration of the retroviruslike element Ty3 near the transcription initiation sites of tRNA genes requires transcription factors IIIB and IIIC (TFIIIB and TFIIIC). Using a genetic screen, we isolated a mutant with a truncated 95-kDa subunit of TFIIIC (TFIIIC95) that reduced the apparent retrotransposition of Ty3 into a plasmid-borne(More)
The retrovirus-like element Ty3 of Saccharomyces cerevisae integrates into the yeast genomic DNA in a position specific manner. Ty3 integrates within 1-2 base pairs of the site of transcription initiation by RNA polymerase III. The human tRNA(Lys)3 gene was used as a target for transposition in a plasmid-based assay to determine whether Ty3 integration can(More)
We have analyzed the translational defects of a number of mutations in the 5' noncoding region of poliovirus type 1 RNA. These mutations fall into three categories: (1) two mutations which resulted in temperature sensitive (ts) viruses, (2) the second-site mutations responsible for the reversion of the two ts viruses, and (3) mutations which were lethal to(More)
Picornavirus genomes encode unique 5' noncoding regions (5' NCRs) which are approximately 600 to 1,300 nucleotides in length, contain multiple upstream AUG codons, and display the ability to form extensive secondary structures. A number of recent reports have shown that picornavirus 5' NCRs are able to facilitate cap-independent internal initiation of(More)
This report describes the results of experiments to determine whether chimeras between a retrovirus and portions of Ty3 are active in vivo. A chimera between Ty3 and a Neo(r)-marked Moloney murine leukemia virus (M-MuLV) was constructed. The C-terminal domain of M-MuLV integrase (IN) was replaced with the C-terminal domain of Ty3 IN. The chimeric(More)
We generated a number of small deletions and insertions in the 5' noncoding region of an infectious cDNA copy of the poliovirus RNA genome. Transfection of these mutated cDNAs into COS-1 cells produced the following phenotypic categories: (i) wild-type mutations, (ii) lethal mutations, (iii) mutations exhibiting slow growth or low-titer properties, and (iv)(More)
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