Sandra L. Brandt

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We cloned two novel members of the CLC chloride channel family from rat and human brain. ClC-6 is a 97-kDa protein, and ClC-7 a 89-kDa protein roughly 45% identical with ClC-6. Together they define a new branch of this gene family. Both genes are very broadly expressed, e.g. in brain, testes, muscle and kidney. In mouse embryos, both genes are expressed as(More)
Lepidopteran larvae resist baculovirus infection by selective apoptosis of infected midgut epithelial cells and by sloughing off infected cells from the midgut. Once the infection breaches the midgut epithelial barrier and propagates from infective foci to the haemocoel, however, there are few mechanisms known to account for the resistance and clearance of(More)
The active-toxin form of Cry1Ac (65 kDa) or Cry2Ab was fed to a non-susceptible insect, Lygus hesperus, in an artificial diet. Biochemical and immunocytochemical methods were used to determine the distribution of ingested toxin. The toxins did not elicit a feeding deterrent response. Cry1Ac and Cry2Ab were ingested; small amounts were absorbed into the(More)
The braconid wasp Toxoneuron nigriceps induced qualitative and quantitative changes in the protein composition of the moth Heliothis virescens host hemolymph. Total protein concentration was found to be higher in parasitized host 4 days after parasitism as compared to control hosts, mainly due to changes in a particular group of proteins. Host proteins with(More)
We evaluated the signaling pathways involved in regulating vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a potent angiogenic growth factor, in response to natural and synthetic progestins in breast cancer cells. Inhibition of the phosphoinositide-3'-kinase (PI3-kinase) signaling pathway or the specificity protein-1 (SP-1) transcription factor abolished both(More)
The tarnished plant bug, Lygus hesperus Knight, is a pest that causes considerable economic losses to vegetables, cotton, canola, and alfalfa. Detailed knowledge of its digestive physiology will provide new opportunities for a sustainable pest management approach to control this insect. Little is known about the different protease class contributions to the(More)
Fragments of two artificial diet up-regulated and two prey up-regulated transcripts were isolated from the predatory Pentatomid Perillus bioculatus using suppression subtractive hybridization. A BlastX search found similarities for two diet-upregulated clones, i.e., the tyrosine-3-monooxygenase gene and the gene for the chitin binding protein, Gasp. The(More)
Murine fibrosarcoma cell lines transduced with retroviral vectors containing the murine interleukin 6 (IL-6) gene constitutively secreted IL-6. When injected s.c. into normal mice these IL-6-secreting tumors exhibited reduced tumorigenicity. This reduced tumorigenicity was not seen in nude or irradiated mice, implicating a T-cell-dependent, radiosensitive(More)
In this study 21 amino acid standards, samples of pure phloem sap and samples of pooled mesophyll cells were derivatized with fluorescein isothiocyanate, separated by capillary electrophoresis and detected with laser-induced fluorescence at 488 nm. Two different background electrolytes, a sodium borate buffer containing sodium dodecyl sulfate and a sodium(More)
Selected compounds were used to study physiological processes associated with digestion in the western tarnished plant bug, Lygus hesperus Knight. Durations of passage and rates of absorption, digestion, and excretion were determined for a digestible protein (casein), a non-digestible protein (green fluorescent protein, GFP), and a non-digestible(More)