Sandra Kuehl

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To rapidly respond to invading microorganisms, humans call on their innate immune system. This occurs by microbe-detecting receptors, such as CD14, that activate immune cells to eliminate the pathogens. Here, we link the lipopolysaccharide receptor CD14 with Alzheimer's disease, a severe neurodegenerative disease resulting in dementia. We demonstrate that(More)
Recent epidemiological studies suggest that inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl CoA reductase, so-called statins, are effective in lowering the prevalence of Alzheimer's disease. Whether the effect of statins is due to a local inhibition of cholesterol synthesis in the brain or whether it is mediated by the reduced levels of cholesterol in the(More)
Glial activation contiguous to deposits of amyloid peptide (Abeta) is a characteristic feature in Alzheimer's disease. We performed complementary in vitro and in vivo experiments to study the extent, kinetics, and mechanisms of microglial generation of nitric oxide (NO) induced by challenge with Abeta. We showed that Abeta fibrils dose-dependently induced a(More)
Cerebral cholesterol metabolism has been linked with production of amyloid peptide (Abeta) crucial in AD. The association between use of cholesterol-lowering drugs (statins) and AD disease is currently being intensely discussed. In this case-control study on elderly nondemented subjects, the authors provide the first evidence that statins in clinically(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The most potent vasoconstrictor known, endothelin-1, is currently considered to mediate cerebral vasospasm in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), which can cause delayed cerebral ischemia. In our study, we performed clinical and in vitro experiments to investigate the origin and the mechanisms of the secretion of endothelin-1 in SAH. (More)
BACKGROUND AIMS The non-exudative form of age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) is characterized by a progressive decay of retinal pigment epithelium cells at the posterior pole of the eye. As mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) have been shown to differentiate into various cell types from the mesodermal and ectodermal lineages, we investigated whether we can(More)
PURPOSE The BTB-kelch protein KLEIP/KLHL20 is an actin binding protein that regulates cell-cell contact formation and cell migration. The aim of our study was to characterize KLEIP's function in ocular health and disease in mice. METHODS KLEIP(-/-) mice were generated, and corneas were examined histologically and stained for keratin-1, loricrin,(More)
Timing and extent of trauma-induced release of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) in extracellular fluid of the CNS were analyzed. In brain tissue perfusates obtained by in vivo microdialysis a marked release of IL-1beta was unexpectedly detected within less than 60 min. At such an early stage of neurotrauma, mRNA expression of IL-1beta was detected whereas(More)
Endothelin-1 is the most potent vasoconstrictor known to date. This peptide is believed to play a pathophysiological role in the development of vasospasm, the most important complication of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). In the present study we investigated the release of endothelin-1 in SAH and analyzed the cellular source of this peptide. At a protein and(More)