Sandra Kraeuter Kops

Learn More
Rat mast cells pretreated with the tricyclic antidepressant drug amitriptyline and stimulated with compound 48/80 secreted 60% of the total serotonin present in the cells, but only 15% of histamine, another amine stored in the same granules. Ultrastructural studies demonstrated that mast cells undergoing such differential release do not exhibit classical(More)
This study characterizes the transmigration of enteroinvasive Salmonella typhi in vitro, using a human intestinal epithelial cell line as a model of small intestinal epithelium. C2BBe cells, a subclone of CACO-2 with a highly differentiated enterocytic phenotype, were grown to maturity on Transwell filters. S. typhi Ty2 and the vaccine strain, Ty21a, the S.(More)
Hydrolyzed soybean isolates SP-A and SP-B (Abbott Laboratories, OH), developed for use in enteral nutritional products, were tested in cultures of C2BBe cells, a colonic adenocarcinoma cell line with enterocytic differentiation, to evaluate effects on cell growth, maturation and ability to resist infection by enteric bacteria. SP-A delayed formation of(More)
Pretreatment of mast cells with various psychotropic agents was shown to permit preferential release of serotonin without substantial release of histamine or massive degranulation. Differential release involved both endogenous, granule-stored serotonin, and exogenous radiolabeled serotonin that had been taken up by the cell. This phenomenon occurred in mast(More)
Previous studies have shown that T cell-dependent activation of mast cells to release serotonin is required for the elicitation of delayed-type hypersensitivity in mice. We have recently described an antigen-binding T cell factor that is a suitable candidate for participation in the mechanism by which T cells activate mast cells in delayed-type(More)
Picryl (trinitrophenyl) chloride (PCL) contact sensitization of mice induces T cells that release an antigen-binding T cell factor (PCLF) that plays an important role in the initiation of contact sensitivity responses, in part via activation of mast cells. The current study employs an in vitro indirect rosette assay to demonstrate that PCLF can interact(More)
Bacterial growth chambers of Transwell units bearing intestinal epithelial monolayers (C2BBe) was consistently observed to be stagnant during the course of transmigration studies with Salmonella typhi. This limitation could not be explained by varying the bacterial load in the inoculum. Conditioned media produced by cultured C2BBe cells would not support(More)
The biologically active fragment of human parathormone (PTH) and intact bovine PTH were found to induce secretion of both serotonin and histamine from rat peritoneal mast cells in vitro. Release of serotonin and histamine was demonstrated with 25 units/ml PTH or higher. This level is within the higher limits of the elevated PTH levels found in advanced(More)
  • 1