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Endemic (Balkan) nephropathy is a chronic tubulointerstitial disease frequently accompanied by urothelial cell carcinomas of the upper urinary tract. This disorder has recently been linked to exposure to aristolochic acid, a powerful nephrotoxin and human carcinogen. Following metabolic activation, aristolochic acid reacts with genomic DNA to form… (More)
The relative order of potency of anaesthetic agents on the hypoxic ventilatory response has been tested in humans, but animal data are sparse. We examined the effects of 1.4, 1.6, 1.8, and 2.0 MAC halothane, isoflurane, and sevoflurane on phrenic nerve activity in euoxia (baseline) and during acute normocapnic hypoxia (inspired oxygen fraction 0.09) in… (More)
Following on from Part 1 of the series (regional nerve blocks for the face and scalp), we guide the clinician through the anatomy and cutaneous innervation of the digits, wrist and ankle, providing a practical step-by-step guide to regional nerve blockade of these areas.
BACKGROUND Hypertension is not considered to be a characteristic of endemic nephropathy (EN). Recent observations suggested that it might be more prevalent than it was reported before. AIM The aim of our study was to analyze prevalence, treatment and control of hypertension in a Croatian endemic area. METHODS In the present cross-sectional study, 1,602… (More)
Individuals born small for gestational age (SGA) are supposed to be at higher risk to develop cardiovascular disorders, and recent report showed that concurrent obesity influences blood pressure (BP) in SGA children. Our aim was to investigate the impact of obesity and birth weight on blood pressure values in young adult men born SGA and controls born after… (More)
The aim of this two-part series is to provide an up-to-date review of essential regional nerve blocks for dermatological practice. In Part 1, we give a concise overview of local anaesthetics and their potential complications, as well as the relevant anatomy and cutaneous innervation of the face and scalp. This culminates in a step-by-step practical guide to… (More)
The role of adiponectin in hypertension is still a matter of debate. Obtained conflicting results could be mostly explained with diversity of subjects included in different studies. Our aim was to analyze association of adiponectin with blood pressure (BP) in a group of normotensive and untreated hypertensive subjects. Participants (N=257) were selected… (More)