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Endemic (Balkan) nephropathy is a chronic tubulointerstitial disease frequently accompanied by urothelial cell carcinomas of the upper urinary tract. This disorder has recently been linked to exposure to aristolochic acid, a powerful nephrotoxin and human carcinogen. Following metabolic activation, aristolochic acid reacts with genomic DNA to form(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The profession of anaesthesiologist is demanding and potentially hazardous. Extended work shifts combined with intensive work load may adversely affect physicians' performance. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of a single in-hospital 24 h shift on the cognitive and psychomotor performance of anaesthesiologists in a(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS An epidemiological survey of endemic nephropathy (EN) was performed in endemic Croatian areas and the current prevalence was compared to that reported for the same villages several decades ago. METHODS A total of 2,487 adult farmers from 6 endemic villages and 3 non-endemic villages were enrolled. An extensive epidemiological(More)
Aristolochic acid (AA) is a potent dietary cytotoxin and carcinogen, and an established etiological agent underlying severe human nephropathies and associated upper urinary tract urothelial cancers, collectively designated aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN). Its genome-wide mutational signature, marked by predominant A:T > T:A transversions occurring in(More)
BACKGROUND Dietary exposure to cytotoxic and carcinogenic aristolochic acid (AA) causes severe nephropathy typically associated with urologic cancers. Monitoring of AA exposure uses biomarkers such as aristolactam-DNA adducts, detected by mass spectrometry in the kidney cortex, or the somatic A>T transversion pattern characteristic of exposure to AA, as(More)
The relative order of potency of anaesthetic agents on the hypoxic ventilatory response has been tested in humans, but animal data are sparse. We examined the effects of 1.4, 1.6, 1.8, and 2.0 MAC halothane, isoflurane, and sevoflurane on phrenic nerve activity in euoxia (baseline) and during acute normocapnic hypoxia (inspired oxygen fraction 0.09) in(More)
BACKGROUND Endemic nephropathy (EN) and associated urothelial cell cancers (UUC) are an environmental form of aristolochic acid nephropathy where the most probable rout of ingestion of aristolochic acid (AA) was made by bread contaminated with AA, leading to chronic dietary intoxication. Clinical courses of three members of the same family, similarly(More)
OBJECTIVE Chronic kidney disease(CKD) is established CV risk factor, and already early renal impairment(RI) increases risk for hypertension(HT) and loss of renal function. It was reported that blood pressure (BP) and metabolic derangements are associated with glomerular hyperfiltration(GHF), and GHF increases risk of developing microalbuminuria (MA) in HT(More)
Anesthesiologists often work extended duty shifts that result in acute and chronic sleep loss and circadian disruption. Stress caused by sleep deprivation, together with excessive workload could contribute to acute increases in blood pressure (BP) and sympathetic nervous system activity. Non-dipping pattern of BP is considered an additional risk factor for(More)
OBJECTIVE An elevated serum uric acid (SUA) was observed in patients with primary hypertension (HT) and prehypertension (PHT). SUA was associated with blood pressure (BP) values in general population starting from childhood, while treatment with xanthine oxidase inhinitors (XOi) proved to decrease BP indicating on causative role of SUA on development of HT.(More)