Sandra K L Norman

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OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effectiveness of a medical emergency team (MET) in reducing the rates of selected adverse events. DESIGN Cohort comparison study after casemix adjustment. PATIENTS AND SETTING All adult (> or = 14 years) patients admitted to three Australian public hospitals from 8 July to 31 December 1996. INTERVENTION STUDIED: At Hospital 1,(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have suggested there are a large number of potentially preventable deaths in Australian hospitals. AIM This study aimed to document antecedent factors in hospital deaths in an attempt to identify potentially preventative factors. METHODS The study was conducted at three separate acute hospitals. Demographics of all deaths were(More)
Abstract Objective. To document the characteristics and incidence of serious abnormalities in patients prior to admission to intensive care units. Design and setting. Prospective follow-up study of all patients admitted to intensive care in three acute-care hospitals. Patients. The study population totalled 551 patients admitted to intensive care: 90 from(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe an outbreak of encephalomyelitis caused by West Nile virus (WNV) in horses in northern Indiana. DESIGN Case series. ANIMALS 170 horses. PROCEDURES Horses with clinical signs suggestive of encephalomyelitis caused by WNV were examined. Date, age, sex, breed, and survival status were recorded. Serum samples were tested for anti-WNV(More)
BACKGROUND With the introduction of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) there has been a reduction in the use of operative cholangiography. The practice of selective cholangiography (SC), where the common bile duct (CBD) is imaged only in those patients where the surgeon believes there is a significant risk of CBD stones has contributed to this reduction.(More)
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