Learn More
BACKGROUND Research about the effectiveness of school-based psychosocial prevention programs for reducing aggressive and disruptive behavior was synthesized using meta-analysis. This work updated previous work by the authors and further investigated which program and student characteristics were associated with the most positive outcomes. METHODS Two(More)
Research on the effectiveness of school-based programs for preventing or reducing aggressive behavior was synthesized with a meta-analysis. Changes in aggressive behavior between pretest and posttest were analyzed for developmental patterns and characteristics associated with differential effects. Control groups showed little change in aggressive behavior,(More)
We compared the performance of an automated method for obtaining RBC and WBC counts and WBC differential counts in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples with the reference manual method. Results from 325 samples from 10 worldwide clinical sites were used to demonstrate the accuracy, precision, and linearity of the method. Accuracy statistics for absolute cell(More)
This work is a Campbell Collaboration systematic review. The preparation of this review was aided by the availability of data and resources from overlapping meta-analysis projects that have been funded by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), and the Russell Sage Foundation.
Meta-analysis was used to synthesize research on the effects of outpatient treatment on substance use outcomes for adolescents with substance use disorders. An extensive literature search located 45 eligible experimental or quasi-experimental studies reporting 73 treatment-comparison group pairs, with many of the comparison groups also receiving some(More)
CONTEXT High school completion (HSC) is an established predictor of long-term morbidity and mortality. U.S. rates of HSC are substantially lower among students from low-income families and most racial/ethnic minority populations than students from high-income families and the non-Hispanic white population. This systematic review assesses the effectiveness(More)
This study reports findings from a systematic review and meta-analysis of literature examining the effects of school dropout prevention and intervention programs on students’ school absenteeism outcomes. The meta-analysis synthesized 74 effect sizes measuring posttest differences in school absenteeism outcomes for youth enrolled in dropout prevention(More)
The early events in the G2 checkpoint response to ionizing radiation (IR) were analyzed in diploid normal human fibroblasts (NHFs) and fibroblasts from patients with two heritable cancer syndromes. Exposure to y-radiation of asynchronously growing NHFs resulted in a rapid re duction in the number of cells in mitosis (G2 delay) and was accompanied by a(More)
Dependent effect sizes are ubiquitous in meta-analysis. Using Monte Carlo simulation, we compared the performance of 2 methods for meta-regression with dependent effect sizes-robust variance estimation (RVE) and 3-level modeling-with the standard meta-analytic method for independent effect sizes. We further compared bias-reduced linearization and jackknife(More)
For a variety of reasons, researchers and evidence-based clearinghouses synthesizing the results of multiple studies often have very few studies that are eligible for any given research question. This situation is less than optimal for meta-analysis as it is usually practiced, that is, by employing inverse variance weights, which allows more informative(More)