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The physical character and amount of mucus secreted by the endocervix changes dramatically during the menstrual cycle to facilitate sperm migration at the time of midcycle ovulation. Mucins are highly glycosylated, high-molecular-weight proteins, which are the major structural components of the protective mucus gel covering all wet-surfaced epithelia,(More)
In order for the preimplantation embryo to implant into the uterus, the trophoblast cells must initially adhere to the uterine epithelial surface. In preparation, the luminal secretory cells of the epithelium lose their nonadhesive character and their surface microvilli and bulge into the lumen, forming uterodomes (pinopodes; uterodome is used instead of(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether the number of filled conjunctival goblet cells and mucin gene expression are altered in a mouse model of allergic conjunctivitis. METHODS A/J mice were sensitized intraperitoneally with cat dander or the peptide P3-1 from the protein Fel d1. Two weeks later, the mice were challenged for 7 consecutive days with eye drops(More)
Antisera that recognize the alpha 6 and beta 4 subunits of integrins were found by immunoelectron microscopy to localize to hemidesmosomes in the basal cells of mouse corneal epithelium. Immunoprecipitation experiments using extracts of metabolically labeled corneal epithelial cells indicate that the primary alpha 6-subunit-containing integrin heterodimer(More)
PURPOSE The authors determined the synthesis, cell surface expression, and localization of integrins in the rat corneal epithelium to detect whether any changes in integrins occur during epithelial migration in response to simple debridement wounding. METHODS Immunoprecipitation analysis of extracts from either metabolically or surface-labeled rat(More)
PURPOSE The corneal and conjunctival epithelia, which cover the ocular surface, play an important role in preventing pathogen penetrance into the eye and maintaining a wet-surface phenotype by producing highly hydrophilic mucin molecules for their apical surfaces. Ocular surface infections, wounding, and pathologies resulting in dry eye threaten sight and(More)
PURPOSE To determine if human corneal and conjunctival epithelial synthesize MUC1 mucin, a membrane-spanning mucin present in a variety of simple epithelia. METHODS Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was carried out to examine the expression of MUC1 mRNA by epithelial cells, using total cellular RNA prepared from cultured corneal(More)
PURPOSE The membrane-associated mucin MUC16, a heavily O-glycosylated transmembrane protein, is expressed by the ocular surface epithelia and localized on the tips of the surface microplicae. Although its functions in the ocular surface glycocalyx are unknown, it is thought that MUC16 provides a disadhesive barrier to the epithelial membrane. Two other(More)
PURPOSE Three membrane-associated mucins (MAMs)--MUC1, MUC4, and MUC16--are expressed at the ocular surface epithelium. Soluble forms of MAMs are detected in human tears, but the mechanisms of their release from the apical cells are unknown. The purpose of this study was to identify physiologic agents that induce ocular surface MAM release. METHODS An(More)
PURPOSE Membrane-associated mucins present in the apical cells of the ocular surface epithelium (MUC1, -4, and -16) are believed to contribute to the maintenance of a hydrated and wet-surfaced epithelial phenotype. Serum and retinoic acid (RA) have been used to treat drying ocular surface diseases. The goal of this study was to determine whether serum or RA(More)