Sandra J Olsen

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Horse domestication revolutionized transport, communications, and warfare in prehistory, yet the identification of early domestication processes has been problematic. Here, we present three independent lines of evidence demonstrating domestication in the Eneolithic Botai Culture of Kazakhstan, dating to about 3500 B.C.E. Metrical analysis of horse(More)
We used the hypomorphic Egfr(wa2) allele to genetically examine the impact of impaired epidermal growth factor receptor (Egfr) signaling on the Apc(Min) mouse model of familial adenomatous polyposis. Transfer of the Apc(Min) allele onto a homozygous Egfr(wa2) background results in a 90% reduction in intestinal polyp number relative to Apc(Min) mice carrying(More)
The amphotericin B lipid complex (ABLC), which is composed of amphotericin B and the phospholipids dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine and dimyristoyl phosphatidylglycerol, was evaluated for its acute toxicity in mice and for its efficacy in mice infected with a variety of fungal pathogens. ABLC was markedly less toxic to mice when it was administered(More)
4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE), a potent toxin formed in the brain from oxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids, is increased in Alzheimer disease (AD), where it is a proposed effector of amyloid beta peptide-mediated neurotoxicity. Detoxification of HNE via the mercapturic acid pathway (MAP) is the primary means by which other organs, such as liver, limit its(More)
Amphotericin B lipid complex (ABLC), under development for the treatment of serious fungal disease, is not a true liposome but a complex of amphotericin B, dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine and dimyristoyl phosphatidylglycerol with a particle size range of 1.6-6.0 microns. Tissue distribution of ABLC was determined in mice and rats after i.v. or i.p.(More)
The new antiviral nucleoside SQ 34,514 [(1R-1 alpha, 2 beta, 3 alpha)-2-amino-9- [2,3-bis(hydroxymethyl)cyclobutyl]-6H-purin-6-one], the active R isomer of racemic SQ 33,054 (cyclobut-G), was evaluated for efficacy in the treatment of herpesvirus infections in mice. SQ 34,514 was orally efficacious in a herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) systemic(More)
Querying patient electronic medical records to improve patient care and process outcomes can seem overwhelming. Our quality improvement model is a simple, user-friendly approach to make quality improvement tasks less daunting. We have successfully used the quality improvement model, written meaningful reports, and given provider feedback that has led to(More)