Sandra J. Miller

Learn More
Axonal degeneration is a major cause of permanent disability in multiple sclerosis (MS). Recent observations from our and other laboratories suggest that sodium accumulation within compromised axons is a key, early step in the degenerative process, and hence that limiting axonal sodium influx may represent a mechanism for axonal protection in MS. Here we(More)
We used thrombin times and a competitive radiometric assay to identify, quantitate and characterize endogenous heparin-like molecules in umbilical cord (n = 58) and normal adult (n = 25) plasma. Thrombin times for cord plasma (29.6+/-3.6 s) were significantly longer (p< or = 0.0005) than those for adult plasma (18. 9+/-2.3 s), suggesting increased(More)
The relation between the level of food intake and gastrointestinal motility and digesta flow in the abomasum and small intestine was studied in sheep fitted with nichrome-wire electrodes in the gut wall, an abomasal and a duodenal catheter and a terminal ileal cannula. Abomasal volume and outflow were calculated from CrEDTA dilution in six sheep and small(More)
The influence of a chronic subclinical infection of Trichostrongylus colubriformis, 2500 larvae/day for 12 weeks, on gastrointestinal motility and digesta flow was studied in 12 sheep supplied ad libitum with food and water. Motility was recorded by X-radiography and electromyography from chronically implanted electrodes; abomasal volume and outflow were(More)
Activated endothelial cells up-regulate the expression of several molecules on their plasma membranes, including intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). The role of heparin in regulating endothelial cell gene expression is unclear. We thus have investigated the ability of heparin to regulate ICAM- gene expression by using flow cytometry and the(More)
A mouse model for the induction of exencephaly with sodium (+/-)-2-ethylhexanoate has been developed using multiple administration regimes. With three consecutive administrations at one-half-day intervals, the most sensitive time to induce exencephaly was Gestational Days 8-9. Using the racemic substance it was determined that the SWV strain was more(More)
1. A study was made of the influence of duodenal infusion of some of the components of the digesta on gastrointestinal motility, abomasal outflow and small intestinal transit time in seven sheep fed 1500 g grass pellets/day. Gastrointestinal motility was recorded by electromyography. Abomasal outflow was estimated according to the rate of dilution of CrEDTA(More)
The ability of plasma proteins to neutralize the anticoagulant activity of heparin was studied using a thrombin time assay with 20 normal adult and 207 patient plasma samples. The thrombin times of normal adult plasmas spiked with the same amount of heparin were found to vary significantly, and this variability was attributed to differences in(More)
  • 1