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The potential for neurotoxicological and immunotoxicological effects of ethylbenzene was studied in young adult Crl:CD(SD) rats following 90-day oral (neurotoxicity) or 28-day inhalation (immunotoxicity) exposures. In the neurotoxicity study, ethylbenzene was administered orally via gavage twice daily at 0, 25, 125, or 250 mg/kg per dose (total daily(More)
Copper (Cu) is an essential trace element in the brain that can be toxic at elevated levels. Cu accumulation is a suspected etiology in several neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and prion-induced disorders. Astrocytes are a proposed depot in the brain for Cu and other metals, including lead (Pb). This article(More)
STAT6-mediated chemokine production in the lung is required for Th2 lymphocyte and eosinophil homing into the airways in allergic pulmonary inflammation, and thus is a potential therapeutic target in asthma. However, the critical cellular source of STAT6-mediated chemokine production has not been defined. In this study, we demonstrate that STAT6 in bone(More)
Rapid and inexpensive methods are needed to investigate the interactions of complex mixtures. This commentary addresses the use of cell cultures to detect neurotoxicity of simple binary mixtures, which is a first step in the development of such methods. A small number of recent studies from our laboratory are examined. Though such studies are few, they(More)
Studies have shown that a majority of known human carcinogens also cause cancer in laboratory animals. The converse, however, is not as well established-known animal carcinogens are not equally predictive of human carcinogenicity. A particularly controversial aspect of interspecies extrapolation is application of rodent forestomach tumor data for predicting(More)
Halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons (HAHs), such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), alter cognitive function and learning. The cellular basis of HAH-induced alteration of brain function is not well-understood. The hippocampus is a likely site of toxic action because of its well-known roles in learning and memory, as well as its(More)
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