Sandra I. Hope

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We have previously reported that endothelin-1 and -3 modulate different steps of noradrenergic transmission in the hypothalamus. We showed that endothelins modify neuronal norepinephrine transport activity through the regulation of the kinetic constant and internalization. In the present work we sought to define the endothelin receptors and intracellular(More)
1. Diabetes mellitus type I was induced in 3-month old male C57 BL/KS-mdb mice (N = 24) by ip injection of streptozotocin (STZ, 45 mg/kg body weight) for 5 days. 2. To determine the possible protective effects of nitric oxide inhibition against hyperglycemia, the STZ-diabetic rats received two doses of NG-nitro-L-arginine- methyl ester (L-NAME) (10 mg/kg(More)
1 Type 2 diabetes is associated with diverse oral pathologies in which salivary flow reduction is one of the causes of these oral abnormalities. Scarce literature exists regarding noradrenergic transmission and adrenergic-induced salivary flow in submaxillary and parotid glands of type 2 diabetic rats. 2 We studied noradrenergic transmission as well as the(More)
Brain catecholamines are involved in several biological functions regulated by the hypothalamus. We have previously reported that endothelin-1 and -3 (ET-1 and ET-3) modulate norepinephrine release in the anterior and posterior hypothalamus. As tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) is the rate-limiting enzyme in catecholamine biosynthesis, the aim of the present work(More)
The ability of endothelins 1 and 3 (ET-1 and ET-3) to reduce neuronal norepinephrine release through ETB receptor activation involving nitric oxide (NO) pathways in the rat anterior hypothalamus region (AHR) was previously reported. In the present work, we studied the effects of ET-1 and -3 on tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) activity and the possible involvement(More)
We have studied hypothalamic noradrenergic activity in relation with bone status in a nutritional growth retardation model (ND). Control rats (C) were fed ad libitum. ND received 80% of the diet consumed by C for 4 weeks and later refed ad libitum for 8 weeks. Food restriction induced detrimental effects on body and femur weight and length (P<0.05) and bone(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that erythrocyte deformability is influenced by changes in the content of membrane tubulin (Mem-tub). METHODS AND RESULTS Human erythrocytes contain tubulin distributed in three pools (membrane, sedimentable, soluble). Erythrocytes from hypertensive humans have a higher proportion of Mem-tub. Increased Mem-tub content in(More)
We previously reported that endothelin-1 and endothelin-3 modulate norepinephrine neuronal release and tyrosine hydroxylase activity and expression in the hypothalamus. In the present study we sought to establish the role of endothelin-1 and -3 in the regulation of norepinephrine uptake in the anterior and posterior hypothalamus. Results showed that in the(More)
Neuronal norepinephrine (NE) uptake is a crucial step in noradrenergic neurotransmission that regulates NE concentration in the synaptic cleft. It is a key mechanism mediated by the NE transporter (NET) which takes the neurotransmitter into the presynaptic neuron terminal or the adrenal medulla chromaffin cell. The activity of NET is short and long terms(More)
NEW FINDINGS What is the central question of this study? Does ex vivo administration of endothelin-1 and endothelin-3 regulate noradrenergic transmission in the posterior hypothalamus of deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt hypertensive rats compared with normotensive rats? What is the main finding and its importance? Endothelin-1 and endothelin-3 enhanced(More)