Sandra I. Hope

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We previously reported that endothelin-1 and endothelin-3 modulate norepinephrine neuronal release and tyrosine hydroxylase activity and expression in the hypothalamus. In the present study we sought to establish the role of endothelin-1 and -3 in the regulation of norepinephrine uptake in the anterior and posterior hypothalamus. Results showed that in the(More)
BACKGROUND Although site-directed genetic engineering has greatly improved in recent years, particularly with the implementation of CRISPR-Cas9, the ability to deliver these molecular constructs to a wide variety of cell types without adverse reaction is still a challenge. One non-viral transfection method designed to address this challenge is a MEMS based(More)
Phage genome analysis is a rapidly growing field. Recurrent obstacles include software access and usability, as well as genome sequences that vary in sequence orientation and/or start position. Here we describe modifications to the phage comparative genomics software program, Phamerator, provide public access to the code, and include instructions for(More)
Brevibacillus laterosporus is a spore-forming bacterium that causes a secondary infection in beehives following European Foulbrood disease. To better understand the contributions of Brevibacillus bacteriophages to the evolution of their hosts, five novel phages (Jenst, Osiris, Powder, SecTim467, and Sundance) were isolated and characterized. When compared(More)
BACKGROUND CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing and labeling has emerged as an important tool in biologic research, particularly in regards to potential transgenic and gene therapy applications. Delivery of CRISPR-Cas9 plasmids to target cells is typically done by non-viral methods (chemical, physical, and/or electrical), which are limited by low transfection(More)
Neuronal norepinephrine (NE) uptake is a crucial step in noradrenergic neurotransmission that regulates NE concentration in the synaptic cleft. It is a key mechanism mediated by the NE transporter (NET) which takes the neurotransmitter into the presynaptic neuron terminal or the adrenal medulla chromaffin cell. The activity of NET is short and long terms(More)
The ablation of olfactory bulb induces critical changes in dopamine, and monoamine oxidase activity in the brain stem. Growing evidence supports the participation of this telencephalic region in the regulation blood pressure and cardiovascular activity but little is known about its contribution to hypertension. We have previously reported that in the(More)
We have previously reported that endothelin-1 and -3 modulate different steps of noradrenergic transmission in the hypothalamus. We showed that endothelins modify neuronal norepinephrine transport activity through the regulation of the kinetic constant and internalization. In the present work we sought to define the endothelin receptors and intracellular(More)
We have studied hypothalamic noradrenergic activity in relation with bone status in a nutritional growth retardation model (ND). Control rats (C) were fed ad libitum. ND received 80% of the diet consumed by C for 4 weeks and later refed ad libitum for 8 weeks. Food restriction induced detrimental effects on body and femur weight and length (P<0.05) and bone(More)
Brain catecholamines are involved in several biological functions regulated by the hypothalamus. We have previously reported that endothelin-1 and -3 (ET-1 and ET-3) modulate norepinephrine release in the anterior and posterior hypothalamus. As tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) is the rate-limiting enzyme in catecholamine biosynthesis, the aim of the present work(More)
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