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The intracarotid injection method has been utilized to examine blood-brain barrier (BBB) glucose transport in hyperglycemic (4-6 days) mice. In anesthetized mice, Brain Uptake Indices were measured over a range of glucose concentrations from 0.010-50 mmol/l; glucose uptake was found to be saturable and kinetically characterized. The maximal velocity (Vmax)(More)
Immunogold electron microscopy was used to analyze and quantify the Glut1 glucose transporter in brain tissue from five patients undergoing surgery for treatment of seizures. Samples were prepared from two different regions of each resection: (1) the most actively spiking epileptogenic site, and (2) the least actively spiking region, as indicated by(More)
Iodide uptake by the sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) in thyrocytes is essential for thyroid hormone production. Reduced NIS activity has been reported in thyroid diseases, including thyroid cancer and congenital hypothyroidism. The study of iodide uptake in thyrocytes has been limited by the availability of appropriate in vitro models. A new culture technique(More)
The objective of the present study was to examine the apparent work capacity of one of the two separate membrane systems (the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier) that isolate the mammalian brain extracellular fluid (and cerebrospinal fluid, CSF) from plasma. Digitized analyses of electron-microscopic images provided estimates of mitochondrial volumes, which(More)
Immunogold electron microscopy was used to examine human brain resections to localize the GLUT1 glucose transporter. The tissue examined was obtained from a patient undergoing surgery for treatment of seizures, and the capillary profiles examined had characteristics identical to those described previously for active, epileptogenic sites (confirmed by EEG(More)
Labeled morphine, codeine, heroin, or methadone was injected as a bolus into the common carotid artery of the rat, and the rat was decapitated 15 seconds later. The brain uptake of the drug was calculated by measurement of the brain content of the drug as a percentage of a labeled, highly diffusible reference substance simultaneously injected. The uptake of(More)
Uptake of arginine-vasopressin, VP, at the luminal side of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) was studied by means of an in situ brain perfusion technique in the guinea-pig. Kinetic experiments revealed a saturable peptide influx into the parietal cortex, caudate nucleus and hippocampus with Km between 2.1 and 2.7 microM, and Vmax ranging from 4.9 to 5.6(More)
Electron microscopy was used to quantitate blood-brain barrier (BBB) glucose transporters in newborn, 14-day-old suckling, 28-day-old weanling, and adult rabbits. A rabbit polyclonal antiserum to a synthetic peptide encoding the 13 C-terminal amino acids of the human erythrocyte glucose transporter (GLUT1) was labeled with 10-nm gold particle-secondary(More)
BACKGROUND Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infections are becoming increasingly prevalent. There is geographic variation in their reported prevalence across the United States; however, studies reporting on CA-MRSA prevalence also demonstrate great variability in their case-finding methodology. We conducted a study(More)
Artificial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) containing radioisotope iodinated (125I) serum albumin (RISA) and either blue dextran or indigo carmine was given to white New Zealand rabbits over 4 hours. In one group it was given by ventriculocisternal perfusion, in one by ventricular infusion, and in one by cisterna magna infusion. Blood was sampled continuously(More)