Sandra Heiden

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Heterodisulfide reductase catalyzes the terminal step in the energy-conserving electron-transport chain in methanogenic Archaea. The heterodisulfide reductase activity of the membrane fraction of methanol-grown Methanosarcina barkeri was solubilized by Chaps. Chromatography on Q-Sepharose and Superdex-200 yielded a high-molecular-mass fraction (> 700 kDa)(More)
The reduction of the heterodisulfide (CoM-S-S-HTP) of coenzyme M (H-S-CoM) and N-7-mercaptoheptanoylthreonine phosphate (H-S-HTP) with H2 is an energy-conserving step in most methanogenic Archaea. In this study, we show that in Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum (strain Marburg) this reaction is catalyzed by a stable H2-heterodisulfide oxidoreductase(More)
The reduction of CoM-S-S-HTP, the heterodisulfide of coenzyme M (H-S-CoM) and N-7-mercaptoheptanoylthreonine phosphate (H-S-HTP), with H2 is an energy-conserving step in methanogenic archaea. We report here that in Methanosarcina barkeri this reaction is catalyzed by a membrane-bound multienzyme complex, designated H2:heterodisulfide oxidoreductase complex,(More)
Newcastle disease virus (NDV), also designated as Avian paramyxovirus type 1 (APMV-1), is the causative agent of a notifiable disease of poultry but it exhibits different pathogenicity dependent on the virus strain. The molecular basis for this variability is not fully understood. The efficiency of activation of the fusion protein (F) is determined by(More)
Newcastle disease viruses (NDV) isolated from pigeons (pigeon paramyxovirus type 1; PPMV-1) are mostly of mesogenic pathotype and characterized by a polybasic amino acid sequence motif at the fusion protein (F) cleavage site. This feature also applies to isolate R75/98 from Germany. Its genome consists of 15,192 nucleotides and it specifies an intracerebral(More)
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