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Early T-cell precursor (ETP) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a high-risk subgroup of T-lineage ALL characterized by specific stem cell and myeloid features. In adult ETP-ALL, no comprehensive studies on the genetic background have been performed to elucidate molecular lesions of this distinct subgroup. We performed whole-exome sequencing of 5 paired(More)
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDIs) are a promising new class of antineoplastic agents with the ability to induce apoptosis and growth arrest of cancer cells. In addition, HDIs have been suggested to enhance the anticancer efficacy of other therapeutic regimens, such as ionizing radiation (IR) or chemotherapy. The objective of this study was to evaluate(More)
BACKGROUND The role of the Wilms tumor 1 gene (WT1) in acute leukemias has been underscored by mutations found in acute myeloid leukemia identifying patients with inferior survival. Furthermore, aberrant expression of WT1 in acute myeloid leukemia was associated with an increased risk of relapse. No larger studies have performed a combined approach(More)
Over expression of BAALC (brain and acute leukemia, cytoplasmic) predicts an inferior outcome in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients. To identify BAALC-associated genes that give insights into its functional role in chemotherapy resistance, gene expression signatures differentiating high from low BAALC expressers were(More)
Acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage represent a heterogeneous group of rare, poorly characterized leukemias with adverse outcome. No larger studies have yet performed a combined approach of molecular and clinical characterization of acute undifferentiated leukemia (AUL) and biphenotypic acute leukemia (BAL) in adults. Here we describe 16 adults with AUL(More)
Overexpression of BAALC is an adverse prognostic factor in adults with cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia and T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Here, we analyzed the prognostic significance of BAALC in B-precursor ALL. BAALC MRNA expression was determined in 368 primary adult B-precursor ALL patients enrolled on the 06/99 and 07/03 GMALL(More)
A subgroup of pediatric acute T-lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) was characterized by a gene expression profile comparable to that of early T-cell precursors (ETPs) with a highly unfavorable outcome. We have investigated clinical and molecular characteristics of the ETP-ALL subgroup in adult T-ALL. As ETP-ALL represents a subgroup of early T-ALL we(More)
Early T-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ETP-ALL) has been identified as high-risk subgroup of acute T-lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) with a high rate of FLT3-mutations in adults. To unravel the underlying pathomechanisms and the clinical course we assessed molecular alterations and clinical characteristics in a large cohort of ETP-ALL (n = 68)(More)
Early T-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ETP-ALL) has been identified as high-risk subgroup in acute T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). To investigate the immature and myeloid nature of ETP-ALL we examined global microRNA (miRNA) expression in adult ETP-ALL. miRNA profiling of ETP-ALL (n=8), non-ETP T-ALL (n=6), and healthy controls was(More)
Expression of ERG is of prognostic significance in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and T-lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) pointing to its role in leukemogenesis. To unravel its transcriptional regulation we analyzed the expression of ERG specific isoforms. Expression of the two main isoforms ERG2 and ERG3 was found in AML and normal CD34+ cells, whereas T-ALL(More)