Sandra Heckers

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Animal models, such as cuprizone (bis-cyclohexanone oxaldihydrazone) feeding, are helpful to study experimental demyelination and remyelination in the context of diseases like multiple sclerosis. Cuprizone is a copper chelator, which when supplemented to the normal food of C57BL/6J mice in a concentration of 0.2% leads to oligodendroglial loss, subsequent(More)
Microglia are resident macrophages in the central nervous system (CNS) and the primary cells that contribute to CNS inflammation in many pathological conditions. Upon any signs of brain damage, microglia become activated and undergo tremendous cellular reorganization to adopt appropriate phenotypes. They migrate to lesion areas, accumulate, phagocytose(More)
In this study we examined the role of fumaric acid esters (FAE) in a spontaneous and chronic animal model, the opticospinal EAE (OSE). Preventive treatment of dimethylfumarate (DMF) promotes onset of disease in animals treated with high dose DMF. This group also exhibited a significantly exacerbated disease course in a therapeutic treatment as compared to(More)
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