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OBJECTIVE Many African-American women are affected by diabetes and its complications, and culturally appropriate lifestyle interventions that lead to improvements in glycemic control are urgently needed. The aim of this qualitative study was to identify culturally relevant psychosocial issues and social context variables influencing lifestyle(More)
We have developed a novel DNA microarray-based approach for identification of the sequence-specificity of single-stranded nucleic-acid-binding proteins (SNABPs). For verification, we have shown that the major cold shock protein (CspB) from Bacillus subtilis binds with high affinity to pyrimidine-rich sequences, with a binding preference for the consensus(More)
BACKGROUND Studies of adolescent smoking suggest that the causes of smoking initiation may differ for Blacks and Whites. METHODS Correlates of smoking initiation were examined among 1,277 nonsmokers, ages 12-14, who completed questionnaires in their homes. The analyses examined relationships between smoking initiation and 11 explanatory variables using(More)
The authors used qualitative and quantitative data to identify and interpret specific images teens have about smoking and smokers. Qualitative data were collected in 1996 from 793 teenagers participating in 125 focus groups at eight different sites across the United States. Most focus groups were homogeneous with respect to gender, ethnicity, and smoking(More)
OBJECTIVE This study describes the development and validation of a new multiple caregiving (MC) measure and examines how familial caregiving relates to family composition and psychosocial factors among older African-American women with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The study sample included 345 African-American women with type 2 diabetes(More)
Between one-fifth and one-third of patients hospitalized on general medicine wards experience significant depressive symptoms during their hospitalization. This study employed 71 general medical in-patients and examined the relative association of illness/hospitalization characteristics, patient characteristics and environmental characteristics with(More)
This paper presents a theoretical framework for conceptualizing alcohol-related disparities experienced by young Blacks in the United States. The framework highlights areas of risk and opportunity as they relate to the development of alcohol use and alcohol-related problems. In this paper, life course development theory serves as a guide for identifying a(More)
Eating behaviors and diet composition were investigated in 15 individuals with insulin-dependent diabetes treated by continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII). Glycemic control was significantly improved and was near normal during pump treatment. Patients were interviewed with the use of a structured questionnaire composed of multiple question formats(More)
This study sought to assess the differences in smoking cessation (SC) patient practices and attitudes of physicians and dentists by type of practice (i.e. solo versus group or health maintenance organization [HMO]). Few studies have compared demographics, attitudes, and practices between solo and group providers. The results from this survey of(More)