Sandra H. Vos

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Event-related potentials (ERPs) and reaction times (RTs) were used to study how the processing of sentences with morphosyntactic violations is constrained by working memory (WM) capacity. The available WM capacity was varied by three orthogonal manipulations: (1) syntactic complexity; (2) additional WM load; and (3) verbal WM span. The processing of the(More)
Syntactically ambiguous sentences have been found to be difficult to process, in particular, for individuals with low working memory capacity. The current study used fMRI to investigate the neural basis of this effect in the processing of written sentences. Participants with high and low working memory capacity read sentences with either a short or long(More)
PROBLEM People with mental illness are twice as likely to smoke than people without a mental illness. METHODS Data were collected through interviews with individuals who smoke and have been diagnosed with schizophrenia (N = 100). The research design included a descriptive, correlational design that described and examined the relationships among(More)
The study investigated the influence of a syntactically biasing context sentence on the processing of syntactically complex object-first relative clauses and even more complex object-first complement clauses in readers with individual differences in working memory. Behavioral as well as brain responses (event-related potentials, ERPs) were recorded from two(More)
Individuals with schizophrenia have a high prevalence of smoking compared with the general population and little is known about why so many people with schizophrenia smoke. This paper reviews suggestions of differences in motivation for smoking. Possible explanations for smoking include psychological reasons, together with possible effects on positive and(More)
The purpose of this qualitative, descriptive study was to explore the perspectives of individuals who were caring for a family member with a mental illness, with particular attention to housing, quality of supports, and formal care services. Eleven focus groups with family caregivers (N = 75) were conducted. Both individual and team thematic analyses were(More)
Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) often suffer from psychological distress and cognitive dysfunctioning. These factors negatively impact the health-related quality of life. Only recently behavioral therapeutic approaches are being used to treat psychological distress in MS. The aim of the present pilot study was not only to investigate the effectiveness(More)
The expression of memory worries and the self-reporting of daily forgetfulness easily spark discussion among sufferers and their family or friends about what is normal or abnormal forgetfulness. One way to investigate whether the reporting of forgetfulness might be excessive is to use a standardized memory questionnaire--for instance, the Multifactorial(More)
Autosomal dominant centronuclear myopathy (CNM) caused by mutations in the gene coding for amphiphysin-2 (BIN1) typically presents in adulthood with progressive muscle weakness. We report a Dutch family with AD CNM due to a novel BIN1 mutation (c.53T>A (p.Val18Glu)), strongly impairing the membrane tubulation activity of amphiphysin-2. The main features(More)
BACKGROUND Independent determinants of QOL (quality of life) with heart disease have been recognised and include factors such as severity of medical condition, comorbidity, and concomitant medication. Psychosocial factors, as 'ability to cope with the unpleasantness of the medical condition', 'want of information', and 'social identification' have an(More)
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