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OBJECTIVE Our aim was to ascertain the effect of an infection control program, using education and performance feedback on intensive care units, for intravascular device (IVD)-associated bloodstream infection (BSI). METHODS Within 4 level III, adult, intensive care units in Argentina, all admitted, adult patients with a central vascular catheter in place(More)
BACKGROUND Nosocomial infections are an important public health problem in many developing countries, particularly in the intensive care unit (ICU). Limited data exists on the incidence and burden of nosocomial infection in the ICU in Argentina. METHODS We performed baseline prospective nosocomial infection surveillance of all patients for 6 months in 3(More)
BACKGROUND Patients admitted to hospitals are at risk of acquiring nosocomial infections. Many peer-reviewed studies show that handwashing (HW) significantly reduces hospital infections and mortality. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of HW by health care workers (HCW) before contact with patients in 3 Argentinean hospitals. We performed an(More)
BACKGROUND Hospitalized, critically ill patients have a significant risk of developing nosocomial infection. Most episodes of nosocomial pneumonia occur in patients undergoing mechanical ventilation (MV). OBJECTIVE To ascertain the effect of an infection control program on rates of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in intensive care units (ICUs) in(More)
BACKGROUND No information is available on the financial impact of nosocomial pneumonia in Argentina. To calculate the cost of nosocomial pneumonia in intensive care units, a 5-year, matched cohort study was undertaken at 3 hospitals in Argentina. SETTING Six adult intensive care units (ICU). METHODS Three hundred seven patients with nosocomial pneumonia(More)
BACKGROUND Limited information is available on the financial impact of central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infection (BSI) in Argentina. To calculate the cost of BSIs in the intensive care department (ICU), a 5-year prospective nested case-control study was undertaken at 3 hospitals in Argentina. METHODS We studied 6 adult ICUs from 3(More)
BACKGROUND Nosocomial infections are an important public health problem in many developing countries, particularly in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting. No previous data are available on the incidence of device-associated nosocomial infections in different types of ICUs in Argentina. METHODS We performed a prospective nosocomial infection surveillance(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of education and performance feedback regarding compliance with catheter care and handwashing on rates of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (UTI) in intensive care units (ICUs). SETTING Two level III adult ICUs in a private healthcare facility in Argentina. PATIENTS All adult patients admitted to the study(More)
The age at which native calves first became infected with Anaplasma marginale and Babesia bigemina and the effect of the infections as characterised by anaemia was determined by the biweekly examination of newly born calves on four ranches located in an endemic area of anaplasmosis and babesiosis on the north coast of Colombia. All of the calves examined(More)
INTRODUCTION Inflammatory changes have been described in different affective episodes, as well as in the euthymic phase of Bipolar I Disease. These changes have been proposed as possible peripheral markers of the disease. For this reason well-designed studies are needed to explore this hypothesis. OBJECTIVE Quantify and compare the serum levels of(More)