Sandra G. Brauer

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This study examined the sensitivity and specificity of the Timed Up & Go Test (TUG) under single-task versus dual-task conditions for identifying elderly individuals who are prone to falling. SUBJECTS Fifteen older adults with no history of falls (mean age=78 years, SD=6, range=65-85) and 15 older adults with a history of 2 or more(More)
BACKGROUND The identification of specific risk factors for falls in community-dwelling elderly persons is required to detect early changes and permit a preventative approach to management. This study determines the ability of various laboratory measures and clinical tests of postural stability to prospectively predict fallers in community-dwelling elderly(More)
STUDY DESIGN Quiet stance on supporting bases with different lengths and with different visual inputs were tested in 24 study participants with chronic low back pain (LBP) and 24 matched control subjects. OBJECTIVES To evaluate postural adjustment strategies and visual dependence associated with LBP. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Various studies have(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Severe upper limb paresis is a major contributor to disability after stroke. This study investigated the efficacy of a new nonrobotic training device, the Sensorimotor Active Rehabilitation Training (SMART) Arm, that was used with or without electromyography-triggered electrical stimulation of triceps brachii to augment elbow(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare three different methods of falls reporting and examine the characteristics of the data missing from the hospital incident reporting system. DESIGN Fourteen-month prospective observational study nested within a randomized controlled trial. SETTING Rehabilitation, stroke, medical, surgical, and orthopedic wards in Perth and Brisbane,(More)
BACKGROUND Although postural recovery is attentionally demanding in healthy elderly persons, an inability to recover balance due to competition for attentional resources between the postural system and a second task could contribute to falls in older adults with poor balance. This study examined the attentional demands of balance recovery from a mild(More)
STUDY DESIGN Lumbar and hip movements, before and in response to rapid bilateral arm flexion, were evaluated in 10 people with recurrent low back pain (LBP) and 10 matched control subjects when standing on a flat surface or short base. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the preparatory movement and resultant displacement of the lumbopelvic region associated with(More)
Difficulty performing more than one task at a time is common in people with Parkinson's disease, resulting in interference with one or both tasks. While studies have shown that greater interference in gait occurs with more complex concurrent tasks, the impact of the type of concurrent task is unclear in the Parkinson's population. Thus the first purpose of(More)
PURPOSE This study investigated stroke survivors' perspective of upper limb recovery after stroke. The aim was to determine factors other than medical diagnosis and co-morbidities that contribute to recovery. The objectives were to explore how stroke survivors define recovery, identify factors they believe influence recovery and determine strategies used to(More)
OBJECTIVES (a) To compare the magnitude of gluteus medius and tensor fascia lata activation between a group of subjects with clinical unilateral hip osteoarthritis and a group of healthy older adults. (b) To compare the magnitude of activation of the gluteus medius and tensor fascia lata between sides in a group of subjects with clinical unilateral hip(More)