Sandra Franz

Learn More
A key for long-term survival and function of biomaterials is that they do not elicit a detrimental immune response. As biomaterials can have profound impacts on the host immune response the concept emerged to design biomaterials that are able to trigger desired immunological outcomes and thus support the healing process. However, engineering such(More)
Calcium-dependent protein kinases (CDPKs) comprise a family of plant serine/threonine protein kinases in which the calcium sensing domain and the kinase effector domain are combined within one molecule. So far, a biological function in abiotic stress signaling has only been reported for few CDPK isoforms, whereas the underlying biochemical mechanism for(More)
Impaired clearance of apoptotic cell material has been implicated in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Besides many other molecules, C1q and DNaseI contribute to an efficient clearance of dying cells. A frequently observed factor in SLE patients is the accumulation of unusually large amounts of apoptotic cells in various tissues. We(More)
During resolution of an inflammatory response, recruited neutrophil granulocytes undergo apoptosis and are removed by tissue phagocytes before induction of secondary necrosis without provoking proinflammatory cytokine production and release. Promotion of physiological neutrophil clearance mechanisms may represent a viable therapeutic strategy for the(More)
CTLA-4 is a regulator of co-stimulation and inhibits the activation of T cells through interfering with the interaction of CD80/86 on antigen-presenting cells with CD28 on T cells. CTLA-4 binds to the surface of antigen-presenting cells, such as dendritic cells and monocytes through CD80/86. Monocytes can differentiate in osteoclasts, the primary bone(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a fairly heterogeneous autoimmune disease. Impaired clearance functions for dying cells may explain accumulation of nuclear autoantigens in various tissues of SLE patients. Our data show that in a subgroup of patients with SLE, apoptotic cells accumulated in the germinal centres of the lymph nodes. Apoptotic material(More)
Dying cells were basically unnoticed by scientists for a long time and only came back into the spotlight roughly 10 years ago. The process of recognition and uptake of apoptotic and necrotic cells is complex and failures in this process can contribute to the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Here, we discuss the(More)
BACKGROUND Mechanisms governing the normal resolution processes of inflammation are poorly understood, yet their elucidation may lead to a greater understanding of the pathogenesis of chronic inflammation. The removal of apoptotic cell material and their potentially histotoxic contents is a prerequisite of resolution. Engulfment by macrophages is an(More)
During the immune response, the cytokine interleukin 8 (IL-8, CXCL8) functions as a strong chemoattractant for polymorphonuclear leukocytes helping to direct these cells to infected/injured sites. This review focuses on the interaction of IL-8 with sulfated glycosaminoglycans expressed on cell surfaces and the extracellular matrix. This interaction(More)
Cell death plays a pivotal role in development and homeostasis of multicellular organisms. Apoptosis represents the physiological and anti-inflammatory form of cell death. Advanced apoptosis and necrosis are rather pro-inflammatory. Several "find-me"- and "eat-me"-signals support the "swift and silent" removal of dying cells. If the highly controlled(More)