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A short-term cancer initiation/promotion bioassay was established to screen 10 toxic strains of Fusarium moniliforme for their cancer promoting activity in rats. The assay consisted of a four week 'promoting' treatment, effected by incorporating culture material (5%) of each strain into the diet, commencing one week after an initiation treatment with(More)
The range and comparative yields of T-2 toxin and related trichothecenes from five toxicologically important strains of Fusarium sporotrichioides, i.e., NRRL 3299, NRRL 3510, M-1-1, HPB 071178-13, and F-38, were determined. Lyophilized cultures of the five strains maintained in the International Toxic Fusarium Reference Collection were used to inoculate(More)
Myricetin is a common plant-derived flavonoid and is well recognised for its nutraceuticals value. It is one of the key ingredients of various foods and beverages. The compound exhibits a wide range of activities that include strong anti-oxidant, anticancer, antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory activities. It displays several activities that are related to(More)
Trichothecin was isolated and purified from corn cultures of a toxic strain of Fusarium graminearum. This strain, designated MRC 1125, was obtained from corn in southern Africa. The brine shrimp toxicity assay was used throughout the isolation procedure to monitor the toxicity of the fractions. The compound was characterized by detailed 1H (500-MHz) and 13C(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE The use of Lawsonia inermis L. (henna) for medicinal and cosmetic purposes is inextricably linked to ancient and modern cultures of North Africa and Asia. Literature and artwork indicates that Lawsonia inermis played an important holistic role in the daily lives of some ancient cultures, providing psychological and medicinal(More)
Gingerols are the major pungent compounds present in the rhizomes of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) and are renowned for their contribution to human health and nutrition. Medicinal properties of ginger, including the alleviation of nausea, arthritis and pain, have been associated with the gingerols. Gingerol analogues are thermally labile and easily(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Lippia scaberrima, an aromatic indigenous South African plant, with medicinal application, potentially has economic value. The production of essential oil from this plant has not been optimized, and this study of the chemico-morphological characteristics was aimed at determining the location of oil production within the plant.(More)
Henna (Lawsonia inermis) is applied to stain keratin, present in hair, skin and fingernails, a red-orange or rust colour. Producers of temporary tattoos mix the aromatic amine compound, para-phenylenediamine (PPD) into natural henna to create 'black henna' that rapidly stains the skin black. However, PPD may cause severe delayed hypersensitivity reactions(More)
INTRODUCTION Sceletium tortuosum is the most sought after species of the genus Sceletium and is commonly included in commercial products for the treatment of psychiatric conditions and neurodegenerative diseases. However, this species exhibits several morphological and phytochemical similarities to S. crassicaule. OBJECTIVES The aim of this investigation(More)
Embelin (2,5-dihydroxy-3-undecyl-p-benzoquinone) is known for its potent anthelmintic activity, but also for wound-healing, antidiabetic, anticonvulsant, antitumour, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, hepatoprotective, antioxidant, antibacterial and antispermatogenic activities. A high-performance countercurrent chromatography method was developed for the(More)