Sandra Coccuzzo Sampaio

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Short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are fermentation products of anaerobic bacteria. More than just being an important energy source for intestinal epithelial cells, these compounds are modulators of leukocyte function and potential targets for the development of new drugs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of SCFAs (acetate, propionate and(More)
Previous work of our group demonstrated that Crotalus durissus terrificus venom has a dual effect on macrophage function: it inhibits spreading and phagocytosis and stimulates hydrogen peroxide and nitric oxide production, antimicrobial activity and glucose and glutamine metabolism of these cells. Crotalid venom also induces analgesia and this effect is(More)
Crotoxin, the main toxin of South American rattlesnake (Crotalus durissus terrificus) venom, was the first snake venom protein to be purified and crystallized. Crotoxin is a heterodimeric beta-neurotoxin that consists of a weakly toxic basic phospholipase A(2) and a non-enzymatic, non-toxic acidic component (crotapotin). The classic biological activities(More)
Objective and design: In the present study, the effect of a synthetic peptide (H92–G102) identical to the C-terminus of murine S100A9 (mS100A9p) was investigated on adherent peritoneal cell function. Materials and methods: For in vitro assays, peritoneal cells were obtained from the abdominal cavity of mice and incubated, with the different concentrations(More)
In the present study, we examined the effect of Crotalus durissus terrificus venom on rat macrophage metabolism and function. Two hours after subcutaneous injection of the venom, peritoneal resident (unstimulated), elicited (thioglycollate-stimulated), and activated Mycobacterium bovis strain bacille Calmette Guérin (BCG) macrophages were collected, and(More)
Crotoxin is the main neurotoxic component of Crotalus durissus terrificus snake venom. Previous work of our group demonstrated that this toxin or its phospholipase A(2) subunit inhibits macrophage spreading and phagocytosis. The phagocytic activity of macrophages is controlled by the rearrangement of actin cytoskeleton and activity of the small Rho GTPases.(More)
BACKGROUND Astaxanthin (ASTA) is a carotenoid which has powerful antioxidant, anti-tumor, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory and cardioprotective properties. The present study investigated the effect of daily ASTA intake on oxidative stress and the functional properties of neutrophils from alloxan-induced diabetic rats. METHODS Neutrophils isolated from(More)
Crotalus durissus terrificus snake venom and its major toxin, crotoxin or type II PLA2 subunit of this toxin, induce an inhibitory effect on spreading and phagocytosis in 2h incubated macrophages. The involvement of arachidonate-derived mediators on the inhibitory action of the venom or toxins on rat peritoneal macrophage phagocytosis was presently(More)
In the present study, it was investigated which components are responsible for the anti-inflammatory properties of Crotalus durissus terrificus venom (CdtV). The effect of crotoxin, as well as of other CdtV components was evaluated on edema, cell migration and alterations in leukocyte-endothelium interactions induced by carrageenan. Crotoxin (40 microg(More)
Diabetes mellitus is a syndrome of impaired insulin secretion/sensitivity and frequently diagnosed by hyperglycemia, lipid abnormalities, and vascular complications. The diabetic 'glucolipotoxicity' also induces immunodepression in patients by redox impairment of immune cells. Astaxanthin (ASTA) is a pinkish-orange carotenoid found in many marine foods(More)