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Signal transduction through the cell membrane requires the participation of one or more plasma membrane proteins. For many transmembrane signaling events adenylyl cyclases (ACs) are the final effector enzymes which integrate and interpret divergent signals from different pathways. The enzymatic activity of adenylyl cyclases is stimulated or inhibited in(More)
Using the yeast two-hybrid assay and the second of the two large cytosolic domains of type V adenylyl cyclase (ACV) as bait, we identified a small region (amino acids 1028-1231) in the protein associated with Myc (PAM) as an interaction site for ACV. This small region of PAM as well as purified full-length PAM inhibited the activity of ACV. Additionally,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Dipyrone is a potent analgesic drug that has been demonstrated to inhibit cyclooxygenase (COX). In contrast to classical COX-inhibitors, such as aspirin-like drugs, dipyrone has no anti-inflammatory effect and a low gastrointestinal toxicity, indicating a different mode of action. Here, we aimed to investigate the effects of dipyrone(More)
Cyclic AMP (cAMP) is an important intracellular signalling mediator. It is generated in mammals by nine membrane-bound and one soluble adenylyl cyclases (ACs), each with distinct regulation and expression patterns. Although many drugs inhibit or stimulate AC activity through the respective upstream G-protein coupled receptors (for example, opioid or(More)
The Drosophila Sprouty (SPRY) protein has been shown to inhibit the actions of epidermal growth factor and fibroblast growth factor. However, the role of mammalian SPRY proteins has not been clearly elucidated. We postulated that human Sprouty2 (hSPRY2) is an inhibitor of cellular migration and proliferation. Indeed, using stably transfected HeLa cells,(More)
The E3 ubiquitin ligase MYCBP2 negatively regulates neuronal growth, synaptogenesis, and synaptic strength. More recently it was shown that MYCBP2 is also involved in receptor and ion channel internalization. We found that mice with a MYCBP2-deficiency in peripheral sensory neurons show prolonged thermal hyperalgesia. Loss of MYCBP2 constitutively activated(More)
Ceramides are mediators of apoptosis and inflammatory processes. In an animal model of multiple sclerosis (MS), the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model, we observed a significant elevation of C(16:0)-Cer in the lumbar spinal cord of EAE mice. This was caused by a transiently increased expression of ceramide synthase (CerS) 6 in(More)
Prostacyclin is an important mediator of peripheral pain sensation. Here, we investigated its potential participation in mediating neuropathic pain and found that prostacyclin receptor (IP) knockout mice exhibited markedly decreased pain behavior. Application of an IP antagonist to the injury site or selective IP deficiency in myeloid cells mimicked the(More)
PAM (Protein Associated with Myc) is an almost ubiquitously expressed protein that is one of the most potent inhibitors of adenylyl cyclase activity known so far. Here we show that PAM is localized at the endoplasmic reticulum in HeLa cells and that upon serum treatment PAM is recruited to the plasma membrane, causing an inhibition of adenylyl cyclase(More)
Sphingosine 1-Phosphate (S1P) modulates various cellular functions such as apoptosis, cell differentiation, and migration. Although S1P is an abundant signaling molecule in the central nervous system, very little is known about its influence on neuronal functions. We found that S1P concentrations were selectively decreased in the cerebrospinal fluid of(More)