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Diabetes is associated with an increased risk for brain disorders, namely cognitive impairments associated with hippocampal dysfunction underlying diabetic encephalopathy. However, the impact of a prediabetic state on cognitive function is unknown. Therefore, we now investigated whether spatial learning and memory deficits and the underlying hippocampal(More)
Monoamine oxidase (MAO, type A and B) and semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) metabolize biogenic amines, however, the impact of these enzymes in arteries from patients with type 2 diabetes remains poorly understood. We investigated the kinetic parameters of the enzymes to establish putative correlations with noradrenaline (NA) content and patient(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the activity of semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) and the total nitrite and nitrate (NO( x )) concentrations in serum from type 2 diabetic patients and control subjects in order to evaluate if they could be used as novel diabetic markers. We studied 38 type 2 diabetic patients and 35 control subjects. Serum(More)
This work presents an investigation on the conformational preferences of alpha,alpha-trehalose in gas phase and aqueous solution. Eighty-one systematically selected structures were studied at the B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p)//B3LYP/6-31G(d) level, giving rise to 40 unique conformers. The 19 lower energy structures and some selected other were further re-optimized at(More)
The structural changes occurring on erythritol as it is cooled from the melt to low temperature, and then heated up to the melting point have been investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), polarized light thermal microscopy (PLTM), X-ray powder diffraction (PXRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). By DSC, it was possible to(More)
A study on the thermal behavior of human stratum corneum and lipids is described. The use of high scanning rate DSC for both SC and extracted lipids allows the consistent determination of transition temperatures, including those of lower energy. Changes are found both at physiological and higher temperatures. There is a clear correspondence between the(More)
This study aimed to evaluate the semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) activity in human arterial tissues and in serum of patients with type 2 diabetes. The SSAO activity, with (14)C-benzylamine as substrate, was measured in homogenates of human inferior mesenteric arteries obtained at surgery, from 10 patients with type 2 diabetes and 16(More)
This work focuses on multiple chain deposition, using a coarse-grained model. The phenomenon is assessed from a novel perspective which emphasizes the conformation and relative arrangement of the deposited chains. Variations in chain number and length are considered, and the surface charge in the different systems ranges from partially neutralized to(More)
PURPOSE To use high-speed differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) in the identification of transitions in human stratum corneum (SC). Several scanning rates (100 degrees C/min to 400 degrees C/min) are used. RESULTS Eight transitions from 0 to 120 degrees C are detected in a significant number of samples. Most of these transitions have already been(More)
This work aims to shed light on the mechanism of interaction between components of ternary DNA-PEI-Fe(III) complexes, using experimental and theoretical approaches. In the experimental part, the chelation between PEI-Fe(III) was inspected by potentiometry and electrical conductance measurements and the respective importance for the condensation of DNA(More)