Sandra Brünken

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We present highly accurate laboratory measurements on the pure rotational spectrum of doubly deuterated water, D2O, in selected frequency regions from 10 GHz up to 2.7 THz. Around 140 rotational transitions in both the vibrational ground and first excited bending states (upsilon2=0,1) were measured in total, involving energy levels with unexcelled high J(More)
We present a clear detection of CH 2 in absorption towards the molecular cloud complexes Sagittarius B2 and W49 N using the ISO Long Wavelength Spectrometer. These observations represent the first detection of its low excitation rotational lines in the interstellar medium. Towards Sagittarius B2, we detect both ortho and para transitions allowing a(More)
The submillimeter-wave rotational spectra of CO(+), (13)CO(+) and C(18)O(+) in the v = 0 and 1 vibrational states were measured through a hollow cathode dc discharge in a cryogenic cell cooled to liquid nitrogen temperature. In addition, a few transitions of the main isotopic species have been measured between 1.1 and 1.3 THz. An updated isotopically(More)
The rotational spectrum of the molecular negative ion CN(-) has been detected in the laboratory at high resolution. The four lowest transitions were observed in a low pressure glow discharge through C(2)N(2) and N(2). Conclusive evidence for the identification was provided by well-resolved nitrogen quadrupole hyperfine structure in the lowest rotational(More)
The method of laser-induced reaction (LIR) is used to obtain high-resolution IR spectra of CH2D(+) in collision with n-H2 at a nominal temperature of 14 K. For this purpose, a home-built optical parametric oscillator (OPO), tunable in the range of 2500-4000 cm(-1), has been coupled to a 22-pole ion trap apparatus. In total, 112 lines of the ν1 and ν4 bands(More)
The proton affinities of hydrogen and oxygen are very similar. Therefore, it has been discussed that the proton transfer from the omnipresent H(3)(+) to molecular oxygen in the near thermoneutral reaction H(3)(+) + O(2) <--> O(2)H(+) + H(2) effectively binds the interstellar oxygen in O(2)H(+). In this work, the proton transfer reaction has been(More)
The age of dense interstellar cloud cores, where stars and planets form, is a crucial parameter in star formation and difficult to measure. Some models predict rapid collapse, whereas others predict timescales of more than one million years (ref. 3). One possible approach to determining the age is through chemical changes as cloud contraction occurs, in(More)
The rotational spectra of thioisocyanic acid (HNCS), and its three energetic isomers (HSCN, HCNS, and HSNC) have been observed at high spectral resolution by a combination of chirped-pulse and Fabry-Pérot Fourier-transform microwave spectroscopy between 6 and 40 GHz in a pulsed-jet discharge expansion. Two isomers, thiofulminic acid (HCNS) and(More)
We present an analysis of a global, field-free data set of the methylene radical CH2 in its X 3B1 vibronic ground state by means of a novel Euler expansion of the Hamiltonian. The data set comprises pure rotational transitions up to 2 THz obtained with microwave accuracies of 30-500 kHz as well as nu2 ground-state combination differences and pure rotational(More)
The fundamental rotational transition J = 1←0 of the anion OH(-) has been measured by cooling mass-selected OH(-) ions to 10 K in a 22-pole ion trap and applying a novel rotational-rovibrational two-photon scheme. A transition frequency of (1  123 101.0410 ± 0.0014)  MHz was obtained with so far unprecedented accuracy. The general application of the(More)