Sandra Alvarez

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Five breast cancer subtypes have been described in sporadic breast cancer (SBC) using expression arrays: basal-like, ERBB2, normal breast-like, luminal A and B. These molecular subtypes show different genomic aberration patterns (GAPs). Recently, our group described these breast cancer subtypes in 50 non-BRCA1/2 familial tumors using immunohistochemistry(More)
Chagas disease is caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. The critical initial event is the interaction of the trypomastigote form of the parasite with host receptors. This review highlights recent observations concerning these interactions. Some of the key receptors considered are those for thromboxane, bradykinin, and for the nerve growth factor TrKA.(More)
Type I interferon (IFN) enhances the transcription of the tumor suppressor gene p53. To elucidate the molecular mechanism mediating IFN-induced apoptosis, we analysed programmed cell death in response to type I (IFNalpha) or type II (IFNgamma) treatment in relation to p53 status. In two cell lines (MCF-7, SKNSH), IFNalpha, but not IFNgamma, enhanced(More)
PURPOSE Gamma-irradiation leads to activation of p53 tumour suppressor gene and to p53-dependant stimulation of a large panel of cellular genes including proapoptotic genes involved in intrinsic and extrinsic pathways. Most in vivo published data referred to high (lethal) irradiation doses. The present study was performed to analyse the p53-dependent(More)
Recent data showed that p53 stimulates the expression of genes encoding not only pro- but also antioxidant enzymes. It was suggested that antioxidant genes could be induced under physiologic levels of stress while the prooxidant ones respond to higher level of stress. Results presented in this article illustrate an additional degree of complexity. We show(More)
Tumorigenicity and radiosensitivity of related cell lines expressing distinct p53 mutants were analyzed in parallel with key components of the antioxidant metabolic pathway. Six sublines deriving from the same parental cell population and expressing either the mutant p53K130R or p53V270F were investigated. Both mutations abrogate the transcriptional(More)
Antimicrobial polypeptides, including lysozymes, have membrane perturbing activity and are well-documented effector molecules of innate immunity. In cystic fibrosis, a hereditary disease with frequent lung infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the non-esterified fatty acid DA (docosahexaenoic acid), but not OA (oleic acid), is decreased, and DA(More)
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