Sandra A Consaul

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The last step of tRNA splicing in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is catalyzed by an NAD-dependent 2'-phosphotransferase, which transfers the splice junction 2'-phosphate from ligated tRNA to NAD to produce ADP-ribose 1"-2" cyclic phosphate. We have purified the phosphotransferase about 28,000-fold from yeast extracts and cloned its structural gene by(More)
tRNA splicing is essential in yeast and humans and presumably all eukaryotes. The first two steps of yeast tRNA splicing, excision of the intron by endonuclease and joining of the exons by tRNA ligase, leave a splice junction bearing a 2'-phosphate. Biochemical analysis suggests that removal of this phosphate in yeast is catalyzed by a highly specific(More)
tRNA splicing in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae requires an endonuclease to excise the intron, tRNA ligase to join the tRNA half-molecules, and 2'-phosphotransferase to transfer the splice junction 2'-phosphate from ligated tRNA to NAD, producing ADP ribose 1"-2" cyclic phosphate (Appr>p). We show here that functional 2'-phosphotransferases are found(More)
We show here that yeast tRNA ligase protein is essential in the cell and participates in joining together tRNA half-molecules resulting from excision of the intron by the splicing endonuclease. A haploid yeast strain carrying a chromosomal deletion of the ligase gene is viable only if ligase protein can be supplied from a plasmid copy of the gene. When(More)
Mycobacterial peptidoglycan contains L-alanyl-D-iso-glutaminyl-meso-diaminopimelyl-D-alanyl-D-alanine peptides, with the exception of the peptidoglycan of Mycobacterium leprae, in which glycine replaces the L-alanyl residue. The third-position amino acid of the peptides is where peptidoglycan cross-linking occurs, either between the meso-diaminopimelate(More)
A mutant, cyc1-96, that reverts spontaneously at an extremely high rate, was uncovered after examining approximately 500 cyc1 mutants which lack or have defective iso-1-cytochrome c in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Cloning and DNA sequencing of appropriate fragments revealed that the cyc1-96 mutation contained a 19 bp duplication whereas the(More)
We have constructed a plasmid that selectively integrates adjacent to the CYC1 locus, which determines iso-1-cytochrome c in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Different CYC1 alleles can be conveniently recovered by digestion of total DNA from transformed strains with BgI II, a restriction endonuclease that does not cut the vector or the CYC1 gene,(More)
The aacC4 gene from Escherichia coli can be expressed in mycobacteria and confers resistance to apramycin. However, the major limitation of the aacC4 gene as a genetic tool is that the gene also confers resistance to kanamycin and gentamicin, two antibiotics commonly used for selection in mycobacterial genetics, thus reducing the utility of the aacC4 gene(More)
Adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-ribose 1",2"-cyclic phosphate (Appr > p) is produced as a result of transfer RNA (tRNA) splicing in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and probably in other eukaryotes. Endonucleolytic cleavage and ligation result in a mature length tRNA with a 2'-phosphate at the splice junction. This 2'-phosphate is transferred to NAD to(More)