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Filamins are large actin-binding proteins that stabilize delicate three-dimensional actin webs and link them to cellular membranes. They integrate cellular architectural and signalling functions and are essential for fetal development and cell locomotion. Here, we describe the history, structure and function of this group of proteins.
The filamins are cytoplasmic proteins that regulate the structure and activity of the cytoskeleton by cross-linking actin into three-dimensional networks, linking the cell membrane to the cytoskeleton and serving as scaffolds on which intracellular signaling and protein trafficking pathways are organized (reviewed in refs. 1,2). We identified mutations in(More)
We have cloned and sequenced a 9.4-kilobase cDNA specifying a new 280-kDa protein interacting with the cytoplasmic tail of glycoprotein (Gp) Ibalpha and showing considerable homology to actin-binding protein 280 (ABP-280) and chicken retinal filamin. We term this protein human beta-filamin. The gene for beta-filamin localizes to chromosome 3p14.3-p21.1.(More)
In this study we introduce a novel in vitro 'oil-drop' assay system for the measurement of endothelial cell (EC) migration, based on the original concept of the Teflon fence assay (Pratt et al., 1984; Am. J. Pathol. 117: 349-354). An aliquot of 15-20,000 human umbilical vein EC (HUVEC) is pipetted through a layer of mineral oil. The cells readily attach,(More)
The chemical basis of melanogenesis is well documented, but the mechanism of melanosome transfer and the regulation of pigmentation by keratinocyte-melanocyte interactions are not well understood. Therefore we examined the effects of serine protease inhibitors on skin pigmentation and found that the protease-activated receptor 2, expressed on keratinocytes,(More)
Mutations in the X-linked gene Filamin A (FLNA) lead to the human neurological disorder, periventricular heterotopia (PH). Although PH is characterized by a failure in neuronal migration into the cerebral cortex with consequent formation of nodules in the ventricular and subventricular zones, many neurons appear to migrate normally, even in males,(More)
Human filamins are 280-kDa proteins containing an N-terminal actin-binding domain followed by 24 characteristic repeats. They also interact with a number of other cellular proteins. All of those identified to date, with the exception of actin, bind to the C-terminal third of a filamin. In a yeast two-hybrid search of a human placental library, using as bait(More)
Close association exists between melanocytes, the pigment melanin-producing cells in the body, and their neighboring keratinocytes. Keratinocytes are the pigment recipients and skin pigmentation is the result of this interaction. While the chemical basis of melanin production (melanogenesis) is well documented, the molecular mechanism of melanosome transfer(More)
We describe here a test for lupus anticoagulants based on a modified Russell viper venom time (RVVT), using limiting amounts of phospholipid and venom. We have studied 29 patients with a prolonged dilute RVVT. Five of the 29 had a normal activated partial thromboplastin time and three of 14 tested by the tissue thromboplastin inhibition test were normal. In(More)
We describe here the identification and properties of SCH-C (SCH 351125), a small molecule inhibitor of HIV-1 entry via the CCR5 coreceptor. SCH-C, an oxime-piperidine compound, is a specific CCR5 antagonist as determined in multiple receptor binding and signal transduction assays. This compound specifically inhibits HIV-1 infection mediated by CCR5 in U-87(More)