Sandip Samaddar

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Natural and synthetic membrane active antibacterial agents offer hope as potential solutions to the problem of bacterial resistance as the membrane-active nature imparts low propensity for the development of resistance. In this report norspermidine based antibacterial molecules were developed that displayed excellent antibacterial activity against various(More)
Resistance to glycopeptide antibiotics, the drugs of choice for life-threatening bacterial infections, is on the rise. In order to counter the threat of glycopeptide-resistant bacteria, we report development of a new class of semi-synthetic glycopeptide antibiotics, which not only target the bacterial membrane but also display enhanced inhibition of(More)
Plant receptor-like kinases (RLKs) share their evolutionary origin with animal interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase (IRAK)/Pelle family of soluble kinases and are distinguished by having tyrosine as 'gatekeeper'. This position is adjacent to the hinge region and is hidden in a hydrophobic pocket of the catalytic cleft of protein kinases and is therefore(More)
In the global effort to thwart antimicrobial resistance, lipopeptides are an important class of antimicrobial agents, especially against Gram-negative infections. In an attempt to circumvent their synthetic complexities, we designed simple membrane-active agents involving only one amino acid and two lipid tails. Herein we show that the use of two short(More)
Bacterial biofilms represent the root-cause of chronic or persistent infections in humans. Gram-negative bacterial infections due to nosocomial and opportunistic pathogens such as Acinetobacter baumannii are more difficult to treat because of their inherent and rapidly acquiring resistance to antibiotics. Due to biofilm formation, A. baumannii has been(More)
Cationic-amphiphilic antibacterial polymers with optimal amphiphilicity generally target the bacterial membranes instead of mammalian membranes. To date, this balance has been achieved by varying the cationic charge or side chain hydrophobicity in a variety of cationic-amphiphilic polymers. Optimal hydrophobicity of cationic-amphiphilic polymers has been(More)
The continuous rise of antimicrobial resistance and the dearth of new antibiotics in the clinical pipeline raise an urgent call for the development of potent antimicrobial agents. Cationic chitosan derivatives, N-(2-hydroxypropyl)-3-trimethylammonium chitosan chlorides (HTCC), have been widely studied as potent antibacterial agents. However, their systemic(More)
Rationally designed amphiphilic small molecules selectively kill drug-sensitive and drug-resistant bacteria over mammalian cells. The small molecules disperse preformed biofilms and reduce viable bacterial count in the biofilms. Moreover, this class of membrane-active molecules disarms the development of bacterial resistance.
Treating bacterial biofilms with conventional antibiotics is limited due to ineffectiveness of the drugs and higher propensity to develop bacterial resistance. Development of new classes of antibacterial therapeutics with alternative mechanisms of action has become imperative. Herein, we report the design, synthesis, and biological evaluations of novel(More)
More than 80% of the bacterial infections are associated with biofilm formation. To combat infections, amphiphilic small molecules have been developed as promising antibiofilm agents. However, cytotoxicity of such molecules still remains a major problem. Herein we demonstrate a concept in which antibacterial versus cytotoxic activities of cationic small(More)