Sandip Patel

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Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is a widespread and potent calcium-mobilizing messenger that is highly unusual in activating calcium channels located on acidic stores. However, the molecular identity of the target protein is unclear. In this study, we show that the previously uncharacterized human two-pore channels (TPC1 and TPC2) are(More)
Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) mobilizes Ca(2+) in many cells and species. Unlike other Ca(2+)-mobilizing messengers, NAADP mobilizes Ca(2+) from an unknown store that is not the endoplasmic reticulum, the store traditionally associated with messenger-mediated Ca(2+) signaling. Here, we demonstrate the presence of a Ca(2+) store in(More)
How different extracellular stimuli can evoke different spatiotemporal Ca2+ signals is uncertain. We have elucidated a novel paradigm whereby different agonists use different Ca2+-storing organelles ("organelle selection") to evoke unique responses. Some agonists select the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and others select lysosome-related (acidic) organelles,(More)
Changes in cytosolic calcium concentration are crucial for a variety of cellular processes in all cells. It has long been appreciated that calcium is stored and released from intracellular calcium stores such as the endoplasmic reticulum. However, emerging evidence indicates that calcium is also dynamically regulated by a seemingly disparate collection of(More)
Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is an agonist-generated second messenger that releases Ca(2+) from intracellular acidic Ca(2+) stores. Recent evidence has identified the two-pore channels (TPCs) within the endolysosomal system as NAADP-regulated Ca(2+) channels that release organellar Ca(2+) in response to NAADP. However, little is(More)
Lysosomal Ca(2+) homeostasis is implicated in disease and controls many lysosomal functions. A key in understanding lysosomal Ca(2+) signaling was the discovery of the two-pore channels (TPCs) and their potential activation by NAADP. Recent work concluded that the TPCs function as a PI(3,5)P2 activated channels regulated by mTORC1, but not by NAADP. Here,(More)
Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) and cyclic adenosine diphosphate ribose (cADPR) were first demonstrated to mobilize Ca2+ in sea urchin eggs. In the absence of direct measurements of these messengers, pharmacological studies alone have implicated these molecules as intracellular second messengers for specific cell surface receptor(More)
Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is a ubiquitous messenger proposed to stimulate Ca(2+) release from acidic organelles via two-pore channels (TPCs). It has been difficult to resolve this trigger event from its amplification via endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) stores, fuelling speculation that archetypal intracellular Ca(2+) channels are(More)
Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is a potent and widespread calcium-mobilizing messenger, the properties of which have been most extensively described in sea urchin eggs. The molecular basis for calcium release by NAADP, however, is not clear and subject to controversy. Recent studies have provided evidence that members of the two-pore(More)
NAADP is a potent second messenger that mobilizes Ca(2+) from acidic organelles such as endosomes and lysosomes. The molecular basis for Ca(2+) release by NAADP, however, is uncertain. TRP mucolipins (TRPMLs) and two-pore channels (TPCs) are Ca(2+)-permeable ion channels present within the endolysosomal system. Both have been proposed as targets for NAADP.(More)