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Glaucoma has been known to be associated with a loss of retinal ganglion cells and their axons throughout the fundus and a decreased count of photoreceptors and retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells in the parapapillary region. This study investigated whether glaucomatous changes of the deep retinal layer occur outside the parapapillary region. The nuclei(More)
Pheochromocytomas are rare tumours originating from the chromaffin tissue. The clinical manifestations are variable and are not specific; as a result, pheochromocytomas often imitate other diseases. The diagnosis is usually established by biochemical studies, i.e., the measurement of catecholamines or their metabolites in urine or plasma, followed by(More)
BACKGROUND Elevated renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) activity is an important mechanism in the development of hypertension. Both obesity and 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] deficiency have been associated with hypertension and augmented renin-angiotensin system (RAS) activity. We tried to test the hypothesis that vitamin D deficiency and obesity(More)
Glaucomatous changes have been known to occur in the inner retinal layer all over the fundus and in the deep retinal layer and retinal pigment epithelium close at the optic disc border. This study was conducted to address the question as to whether the middle retinal layers are altered by the glaucomatous process. The study included histological slides of(More)
BACKGROUND Pheochromocytoma/paragangliomas have been described to be associated with rare vascular abnormalities like renal artery stenosis. Coexistence of physiologically significant renal artery lesions is a compounding factor that alters management and prognosis of pheochromocytoma patients. Apart from individual case reports, data on such association in(More)
AIM Diabetes and vitamin D deficiency are widely prevalent in India. Studies have proven correlation between low vitamin D levels and pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and low vitamin D levels and insulin resistance. We evaluated the effects of vitamin D supplementation on type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). METHODS Forty-five(More)
Liddle's syndrome is a rare cause of secondary hypertension. Identification of this disorder is important because treatment differs from other forms of hypertension. We report an interesting case of a 35-year-old lady, a known diabetic and hypertensive patient, who presented with features of hypertensive encephalopathy. The family history was unremarkable.(More)
Diabetic cardiomyopathy is a distinct entity in humans. It leads to ventricular dysfunction independent of and additive to coronary artery disease and hypertension. Clinical and experimental studies have pointed to the role of metabolic derangements in the development of diabetic cardiomyopathy. Altered insulin signaling in diabetes leads to decreased(More)
OBJECTIVE To report the occurrence of pioglitazone-induced reversible valvular regurgitant lesions. METHODS Clinical, laboratory, and imaging data are reported on a patient with known type 2 diabetes mellitus, who was prescribed pioglitazone to achieve better glycemic control. RESULTS We present a case report of a 50-year-old woman, in whom diabetes had(More)
Hypertension in children, although an uncommon entity, is associated with end-organ damage. We tried to study the clinical profile of hypertension in children presented to our hospital. The medical records from January 1990 to December 2010 of all children aged 18 years and younger with hypertension were studied. The patients were divided into four age(More)
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