Sandip M. Kanse

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The urokinase receptor (CD87; uPAR) is found in close association with beta 2 integrins on leukocytes. We studied the functional consequence of this association for leukocyte adhesion and migration. In vivo, the beta 2 integrin-dependent recruitment of leukocytes to the inflamed peritoneum of uPAR-deficient mice was significantly reduced as compared with(More)
Expression of the calcitonin gene-related peptide, alpha-calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), and the homologous beta-CGRP were compared in sensory and enteric nerves of the rat. Analysis of CGRP-like immunoreactivity by cation exchange chromatography and radioimmunoassay showed that in the dorsal root ganglia, dorsal spinal cord and in those peripheral(More)
The distribution of glucagon-like peptide-1-(7-36)amide like immunoreactivity (GLP-1-(7-36)NH2 IR) in rat brain was determined. Highest concentrations were found in the hypothalamus. A combination of gel chromatography and anion exchange chromatography showed that the majority of hypothalamic immunoreactivity exactly corresponded in position to synthetic(More)
Circulating monocytes and T lymphocytes extravasate through the endothelium at sites of developing atheromatous lesions, where they tend to accumulate and mediate the progression of the disease. We have previously demonstrated the presence of an enzymatically degraded, nonoxidized form of LDL (E-LDL) in early human fatty streaks, which possesses major(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although a genetic contribution to ischemic stroke is well recognized, only a handful of stroke loci have been identified by large-scale genetic association studies to date. Hypothesizing that genetic effects might be stronger for early- versus late-onset stroke, we conducted a 2-stage meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies,(More)
The G534E polymorphism (Marburg I [MI]) of factor VII-activating protease (FSAP) is associated with carotid stenosis and cardiovascular disease. We have previously demonstrated that FSAP is present in atherosclerotic plaques and it is a potent inhibitor of vascular smooth muscle proliferation and migration in vitro. The effect of wild-type (WT)- and MI-FSAP(More)
Proteolytic cleavage of single-chain, high molecular weight kininogen (HK) by kallikrein releases the short-lived vasodilator bradykinin and leaves behind a two-chain, high molecular weight kininogen (HKa) reported to bind to the beta2-integrin Mac-1 (CR3, CD11b/CD18, alphaMbeta2) on neutrophils and exert antiadhesive properties by binding to the urokinase(More)
Various virus infections cause dysfunctional hemostasis and in some instances lead to the development of viral hemorrhagic fever syndrome. How do diverse viruses induce the expression of tissue factor on vascular cells? We hypothesize that a direct stimulation of pattern recognition receptors (PRR) by viral nucleic acids may be the key. Double-stranded RNA(More)
The urokinase receptor (urokinase plas-minogen activator receptor; uPAR) regulates monocyte adhesion by direct binding to vitronectin and by forming complexes with integrins. Therefore, possible up-regulation of uPAR in acute myo-cardial infarction (AMI) may affect mono-cyte adhesion. In 20 patients with AMI, uPAR surface expression (measured by flow(More)
BACKGROUND Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) has recently been implicated in the pathogenesis of ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. The underlying mechanisms remain largely unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS Using in vivo microscopy on the mouse cremaster muscle, I/R-elicited firm adherence and transmigration of neutrophils were found to be(More)