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We have previously demonstrated that vitronectin (VN), a morphoregulatory protein in the vessel wall, is internalized and translocated to the subendothelial matrix by an integrin-independent mechanism (J. Histochem. Cytochem. 41, 1823-1832, 1993). The cell surface component which mediates the initial contact of VN with endothelial cells is defined here. The(More)
Pituitary-adenylate-cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a novel 38-amino-acid neuropeptide isolated from ovine hypothalamic tissues based on its activity of stimulating adenylate cyclase of rat pituitary cells. Binding sites for PACAP were studied in rat tissue membranes using a 27-amino-acid N-terminal derivative of PACAP [PACAP(1-27)] labelled with(More)
Endothelin release from bovine endothelial cells of the aorta, pulmonary artery, and retinal microvessels was measured in response to various cytokines. Transforming growth factor beta (0.05-5 ng/ml) was found to be a potent stimulator (3-4 fold increase) of endothelin secretion in all three cell types. Tumour necrosis factor alpha (0.1-10 ng/ml) and(More)
Different extracellular matrix proteins have been described as binding proteins for growth factors, influencing their storage or presentation towards cellular receptors. The multifunctional adhesive glycoprotein vitronectin (VN), which is found in the circulation and widely distributed throughout different tissues, has been implicated in the regulation of(More)
Recently, fragments of extracellular proteins, including endostatin, were defined as a novel group of angiogenesis inhibitors. In this study, human plasma equivalent hemofiltrate was used as a source for the purification of high molecular weight peptides (10-20 kDa), and the isolation and identification of circulating human endostatin are described. The(More)
In a variety of cell types, the glycolipid-anchored urokinase receptor (uPAR) is colocalized pericellularly with components of the plasminogen activation system and endocytosis receptors. uPAR is also coexpressed with caveolin and members of the integrin adhesion receptor superfamily. The formation of functional units with these various proteins allows the(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is a human pathogen that secretes proteins that contribute to bacterial colonization. Here we describe the extracellular adherence protein (Eap) as a novel anti-inflammatory factor that inhibits host leukocyte recruitment. Due to its direct interactions with the host adhesive proteins intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1),(More)
The urokinase receptor (CD87; uPAR) is found in close association with beta 2 integrins on leukocytes. We studied the functional consequence of this association for leukocyte adhesion and migration. In vivo, the beta 2 integrin-dependent recruitment of leukocytes to the inflamed peritoneum of uPAR-deficient mice was significantly reduced as compared with(More)
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its cell surface-receptor (uPAR) regulate cellular functions linked to adhesion and migration and contribute to pericellular proteolysis in tissue remodelling processes. Soluble uPAR (suPAR) is present in the circulation, peritoneal and ascitic fluid and in the cystic fluid from ovarian cancer. We have(More)
The trace element Zinc (Zn2+) has been implicated as a mediator in host defense, yet the molecular basis for its extracellular functions remains obscure. Here, we demonstrate that Zn2+ can induce the adhesion of myelomonocytic cells to the endothelium, as well as to the provisional matrix proteins vitronectin (VN) and fibrinogen (FBG), which are pivotal(More)