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BACKGROUND The outcome of renal transplantation after an episode of acute rejection is difficult to predict, even with an allograft biopsy. METHODS We studied urine specimens from 36 subjects with acute rejection, 18 subjects with chronic allograft nephropathy, and 29 subjects with normal biopsy results. Levels of messenger RNA (mRNA) for FOXP3, a(More)
BACKGROUND Identification of risk factors for BK virus (BKV) replication may improve transplant outcome. We investigated the impact of immunosuppressive drugs on the prevalence of BKV replication in recipients of human renal allografts. METHODS One hundred twenty renal allograft recipients were studied prospectively at 1, 3, and 6 months(More)
BACKGROUND A report from a high-volume single center indicated a survival benefit of receiving a kidney transplant from an HLA-incompatible live donor as compared with remaining on the waiting list, whether or not a kidney from a deceased donor was received. The generalizability of that finding is unclear. METHODS In a 22-center study, we estimated the(More)
BACKGROUND We have demonstrated that cyclosporine (CsA) stimulates transforming growth factor (TGF) beta1 expression in vitro and that growth of mammalian cells can be arrested by CsA via a TGF-beta1-dependent mechanism. Herein, we have explored whether CsA stimulates TGF-beta1 hyperexpression in vivo. METHODS Four groups of B6AF1 mice were studied: group(More)
Incompatible live donor kidney transplantation (ILDKT) offers a survival advantage over dialysis to patients with anti-HLA donor-specific antibody (DSA). Program-specific reports (PSRs) fail to account for ILDKT, placing this practice at regulatory risk. We collected DSA data, categorized as positive Luminex, negative flow crossmatch (PLNF) (n = 185),(More)
Renal involvement is well described in patients with mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome (MCLNS), or Kawasaki disease and is manifested by mild azotemia, hematuria, pyuria or cylinduria, and more often, proteinuria. Renal morphology during the acute stages of the illness has never been reported. In this paper we describe the renal histopathologic changes in a(More)
A fine-structure study of the parathyroid proper and adjacent tissues has been performed in the gerbils. The chief cells were observed in three phases of the secretory cycle. The resting chief cells contained prominent lipid droplets, mitochondria and an atrophied Golgi apparatus in a finely granular cytoplasm. The intermediate-phase chief cells were also(More)
The outcome of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection on patient and graft survival after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) has been controversial. An earlier experience with a higher dose of tacrolimus (>/=0.1 mg/kg/d intravenously and >/=0.2 mg/kg/d orally) was associated with a worse clinical outcome in patients infected with HCV. The clinical outcome of(More)
BACKGROUND Unlike simple cold storage (CS), pulsatile machine preservation (MP) of kidneys for transplantation permits pharmacologic manipulation of the perfusate and aids in the pretransplant assessment of the kidney graft. These characteristics of MP may have importance in the era of increasing use of extended criteria donor kidneys. The overall aim of(More)
Seventy-one children and adolescents with a solitary nodule of the thyroid gland were seen over a 27-year period and all had their nodules removed surgically. All of the patients had preoperative thyroid scintiscans, 55 of which showed a cold nodule. The most common cause of solitary thyroid nodules was follicular adenoma. Fourteen of the 55 cold nodules(More)