Sandip Bhattacharyya

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In vitro infection of murine peritoneal macrophages with the protozoan Leishmania donovani has been found to alter the signaling parameters of the host. The present study indicates that the enhancement of intracellular ceramide level in macrophages after infection is a major event relating to macrophage dysfunction. We have previously demonstrated that(More)
This study explored the role of the proinflammatory chemokines macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1alpha and macrophage chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 for development of antileishmanial activity. There was substantial inhibition in nitrite generation in Leishmania donovani-infected macrophages. A marked elevation of nitrite generation and induction of(More)
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) has potent immunoregulatory effects on the maturation and the antigen-presenting cell (APC) function of dendritic cells (DCs). The molecular basis underlying these effects in DCs, however, is ill defined. It is well established that the transcription factor NF-kappaB is a key regulator of DC development, maturation, and APC function.(More)
Type 1 diabetes is characterized by a chronic inflammatory response resulting in the selective destruction of the insulin-producing beta cells. We have previously demonstrated that dendritic cells (DCs) prepared from nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice, a model for spontaneous type 1 diabetes, exhibit hyperactivation of NF-kappaB resulting in an increased capacity(More)
Visceral leishmaniasis, caused by the protozoan parasite Leishmania donovani, is characterized by the loss of ability of the host to generate an effective immune response. In the present study, the comparative potential of CXC chemokines, interferon-gamma-inducible protein-10 (IP-10) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) in restricting Leishmania donovani infection via(More)
The protein kinase C (PKC) family regulates macrophage function involved in host defense against infection. In the case of Leishmania donovani infection, the impairment of PKC-mediated signaling is one of the crucial events for the establishment of parasite into the macrophages. Earlier reports established that C-C chemokines mediated protection against(More)
We discuss the generalization of recently discovered BPS configurations, corresponding to the planar string networks, to non-planar ones by considering the U-duality symmetry of type II string theory in various dimensions. As an explicit example, we analyze the string solutions in 8-dimensional space-time, carrying SL(3) charges, and show that by aligning(More)
Glucocorticoids (GC) are among the most effective anti-inflammatory drugs, but are often associated with serious adverse effects or inadequate therapeutic responses. Here, we use activation of different Toll-like receptors (TLRs) by their respective ligands to evaluate context-specific GC sensitivity in the macrophage. Recruitment and activation of(More)
We study a three-dimensional gauge theory obtained from the dimensional reduction of a D4-brane worldvolume theory in the background of space-time moduli. An SL(3) symmetry in this theory, which acts on fields as well as coupling constants, is identified. By comparing the energies with the string tensions, we show that certain 1/2 supersymmetric classical(More)