Sandip Bhattacharyya

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In the present study, we examined the involvement of intracellular ceramide in host pathogen interaction of BALB/c mouse peritoneal macrophages infected with the obligate intracellular protozoan, Leishmania donovani. Our findings indicate that the level of intracellular ceramide was enhanced as a result of the in vitro infection. While the elevated ceramide(More)
In vitro infection of murine peritoneal macrophages with the protozoan Leishmania donovani has been found to alter the signaling parameters of the host. The present study indicates that the enhancement of intracellular ceramide level in macrophages after infection is a major event relating to macrophage dysfunction. We have previously demonstrated that(More)
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) has potent immunoregulatory effects on the maturation and the antigen-presenting cell (APC) function of dendritic cells (DCs). The molecular basis underlying these effects in DCs, however, is ill defined. It is well established that the transcription factor NF-kappaB is a key regulator of DC development, maturation, and APC function.(More)
Visceral leishmaniasis, caused by the protozoan parasite Leishmania donovani, is characterized by the loss of ability of the host to generate an effective immune response. In the present study, the comparative potential of CXC chemokines, interferon-gamma-inducible protein-10 (IP-10) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) in restricting Leishmania donovani infection via(More)
Leishmania donovani, an obligate intracellular parasite resides and multiplies within macrophage of the reticuloendothelial system. The intracellular signalling mechanism involved in the impaired oxidative response in leishmaniasis has not yet been clearly established. Generation of superoxide anion (O2 –) is supposed to be the first line of host defence(More)
Type 1 diabetes is characterized by a chronic inflammatory response resulting in the selective destruction of the insulin-producing beta cells. We have previously demonstrated that dendritic cells (DCs) prepared from nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice, a model for spontaneous type 1 diabetes, exhibit hyperactivation of NF-kappaB resulting in an increased capacity(More)
This study explored the role of the proinflammatory chemokines macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1alpha and macrophage chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 for development of antileishmanial activity. There was substantial inhibition in nitrite generation in Leishmania donovani-infected macrophages. A marked elevation of nitrite generation and induction of(More)
The protein kinase C (PKC) family regulates macrophage function involved in host defense against infection. In the case of Leishmania donovani infection, the impairment of PKC-mediated signaling is one of the crucial events for the establishment of parasite into the macrophages. Earlier reports established that C-C chemokines mediated protection against(More)
In the present study we investigated the TNF-α induced signal transduction mechanism in human neutrophil. Exogenously added TNF-α affects both PKC activity and its translocation from cytosol to the membrane. Endogenous protein phosphorylation pattern is inhibited in TNF-α induced neutrophil in Ca-dependent and Ca-independent manner, including a major 47 and(More)