Sandile P. Songca

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  • S P Songca
  • 2001
Tetra(hydroxyphenyl)porphyrins started to attract interest as potential photosensitizers for photodynamic therapy in the early eighties. Subsequently, a number of derivatives of these compounds have been studied. In 1997 we reported the synthesis of the fluorinated derivatives 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(2-fluoro-3-hydroxyphenyl)porphyrin (8),(More)
A simple, straightforward, cost effective and environmentally benign method for the synthesis of highly stable and small sized silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) with narrow size distribution without the use of an accelerator is reported. Silver nitrate, gelatin and maltose, a non-toxic disaccharide sugar were used as silver precursor, stabiliser and reducing(More)
We herein report the green synthesis of highly monodispersed, water soluble, stable and smaller sized dextrose reduced gelatin capped-silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) via an eco-friendly, completely green method. The synthesis involves the use of silver nitrate, gelatin, dextrose and water as the silver precursor, stabilizing agent, reducing agent and solvent(More)
Fifty-seven samples of soils commonly ingested in South Africa, Swaziland, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and Togo were analyzed for the concentrations of arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), lead (Pb), manganese (Mn), nickel (Ni), and zinc (Zn) and their bioaccessibility in the human gastrointestinal tract.(More)
BACKGROUND Oleanolic acid is a triterpenoid that has shown in vitro cytotoxic activity against human tumour cells and is known to be present in many higher plants. MATERIALS AND METHODS Oleanolic acid is known to have some biological potential including anticancer property. Oleanolic acid was isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction of Syzygium aromaticum(More)
Systemic delivery of an anti-cancer agent often leads to only a small fraction of the administered dose accumulating in target sites. Delivering anti-cancer agents through the lymphatic network can achieve more efficient drug delivery for the treatment of lymph node metastasis. We show for the first time that polymeric gold nanorods (PAuNRs) can be(More)
Echinacea is used ethnomedicinally for the treatment of various diseases such as cough, respiratory infections, and bronchitis among other uses in Eastern Cape region of South Africa. This study evaluated the volatile components of the essential oil of the plant, its toxicity, anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities in rodents. Dried leaf and root of the(More)
We herein report for the first time the synthesis and analgesic properties of silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) using buchu plant extract. The as-synthesised Ag-NPs at different temperatures were characterised by UV-Vis spectroscopy, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR) and transmission transform microscopy (TEM) to confirm the formation of silver(More)
As part of the desire to save the environment through "green" chemistry practices, we herein report an environmentally benign synthesis of silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) using cellulose extracted from an environmentally problematic aquatic weed, water hyacinth (WH), as both reducing and capping agent in an aqueous medium. By varying the pH of the solution(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the essential oil composition and the anti-inflammatory activity of Cymbopogon validus (C. validus) leaves and flowers. METHODS A total of 300 g of fresh or dry (leaves and flowers) of C. validus were cut into small pieces and subjected to hydro-distillation method for approximately 5 h using the Clevenger apparatus. The extracted(More)