Sandi K. Lam

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OBJECT Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is an alternative to ventriculoperitoneal shunting for hydrocephalus treatment. Choice of treatment options raises questions about which patients are likely to benefit from ETV. The authors performed a population-based analysis using an administrative claims database, examining current practice and outcomes for(More)
OBJECTIVE The majority of children with posterior fossa tumors have hydrocephalus (HC) at the time of presentation. There is no consensus regarding the management of HC in these children. Here, we report the rate of cure of HC with tumor surgery alone. PATIENTS AND METHODS This is a retrospective study of 87 children with posterior fossa tumors in which(More)
In this study, we utilized the USA surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) database to examine factors influencing survival of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) patients. GBM is the most common primary malignant brain tumor in adults and despite advances in treatment, prognosis remains poor. Using the SEER database, we defined a cohort of adult(More)
OBJECT The concept of minimum clinically important difference (MCID) has been used to measure the threshold by which the effect of a specific treatment can be considered clinically meaningful. MCID has previously been studied in surgical patients, however few studies have assessed its role in spinal surgery. The goal of this study was to assess the role of(More)
Meconium staining of open myelomeningoceles has been reported to occur both prenatally and postnatally, but meconium staining of the brainstem has not been previously documented. The authors present a case of meconium staining of the brainstem in an infant with a meconium-stained myelomeningocele, Chiari malformation Type II, and hydrocephalus and discuss(More)
OBJECTIVE Obesity is a growing public health problem. A considerable number of patients undergoing cervical spine surgery are obese, but the correlation between obesity and surgical outcome is still unclear. In this study, we investigated the impact of body mass index (BMI) on patients' and surgeons' perception of spine surgery outcomes. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND The measurement of the therapeutic outcome of cervical spine surgeries commonly relies on four main patient reported outcomes (PROs): Neck Disability Index (NDI), Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for pain, and Short Form-36 (SF-36) Physical (PCS) and Mental (MCS) Component Summary. However, the clinical impact of such scores and how they could(More)
OBJECTIVES We aimed to examine the impact of demographic and treatment factors on overall survival among spinal ependymoma patients. METHODS Using data from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) from 1990-2008, we evaluated subjects with histologically confirmed spinal cord ependymoma. RESULTS We identified 1,353 patients with spinal(More)
When faced with calvarial defects, surgeons have long searched for repair materials. General criteria include ease of use, low cost, availability, cosmetic shape, and osteointegrative potential. While autologous bone is widely used and favored in contemporary reconstructive procedures, synthetic alternatives have been used throughout history and are(More)