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In the classification of breast cancer subtypes using microarray data, hierarchical clustering is commonly used. Although this form of clustering shows basic cluster patterns, more needs to be done to investigate the accuracy of clusters as well as to extract meaningful cluster characteristics and their relations to increase our confidence in their use in a(More)
Synaptic plasticity, an emergent property of synaptic networks, has shown strong correlation to one of the essential functions of the brain, memory formation. Through understanding synaptic plasticity, we hope to discover the modulators and mechanisms that trigger memory formation. In this paper, we first review the well understood modulators and mechanisms(More)
Microarrays technology has been expanding remarkably since its launch about 15 years ago. With its advancement along with the increase of popularity, the technology affords the luxury that gene expressions can be measured in any of its multiple platforms. However, the generated results from the microarray platforms remain incomparable. In this direction, we(More)
Two types of artificial neural networks, multilayer perceptron (MLP) and self-organizing feature map (SOM) were used to detect mastitis by automatic milking systems (AMS) using a new mastitis indicator that combined two previously reported indicators based on higher electrical conductivity (EC) and lower quarter yield (QY). Four MLPs with four combinations(More)
This review paper concentrates on carbon dioxide emissions, discussing its agricultural sources and the possibilities for minimizing emissions from these sources in wheat production in Canterbury, New Zealand. This study was conducted over 35,300 ha of irrigated and dryland wheat fields in Canterbury. Total CO(2) emissions were 1032 kg CO(2)/ha in wheat(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a devastating, incurable neurodegenerative disease affecting millions of people worldwide. Dysregulation of intracellular Ca(2+) signaling has been observed as an early event prior to the presence of clinical symptoms of AD and is believed to be a crucial factor contributing to its pathogenesis. The progressive and sustaining(More)
Understanding the control of cellular networks consisting of gene and protein interactions and their emergent properties is a central activity of Systems Biology research. For this, continuous, discrete, hybrid, and stochastic methods have been proposed. Currently, the most common approach to modelling accurate temporal dynamics of networks is ordinary(More)
This Paper investigates the use of digital image analysis techniques for developing an automated kiwifruit counting system. Three simple counting methods followed by a minimum distance classifier based segmentation technique in L*a*b colour space were studied. Images were taken prior to harvesting at a New Zealand kiwifruit orchard. Accurate counting of(More)
Lowering the threshold of cellular senescence, the process employed by cells to thwart abnormal cell proliferation, though inhibition of CDK2 or Skp2 (regulator of CDK inhibitors) has been recently suggested as a potential avenue for cancer treatment. In this study, we employ a published mathematical model of G1/S transition involving the DNA-damage signal(More)