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In this review, we examine the evidence for mammographic density as an independent risk factor for breast cancer, describe the risk prediction models that have incorporated density, and discuss the current and future implications of using mammographic density in clinical practice. Mammographic density is a consistent and strong risk factor for breast cancer(More)
Endogenous estrogens can be bio-activated to endogenous carcinogens via formation of estrogen quinones. Estrogen-3,4-quinones react with DNA to form mutagenic depurinating estrogen-DNA adducts. The carcinogenicity of endogenous estrogens is related to unbalanced estrogen metabolism leading to excess estrogen quinones and formation of depurinating DNA(More)
PURPOSE OR OBJECTIVE To evaluate the performance of Comb-push Ultrasound Shear Elastography (CUSE) for classification of breast masses. MATERIALS AND METHODS CUSE is an ultrasound-based quantitative two-dimensional shear wave elasticity imaging technique, which utilizes multiple laterally distributed acoustic radiation force (ARF) beams to simultaneously(More)
Survivors of breast cancer are faced with a multitude of medical and psychological impairments during and after treatment and throughout their lifespan. Physical exercise has been shown to improve survival and recurrence in this population. Mind-body interventions combine a light-moderate intensity physical exercise with mindfulness, thus having the(More)
New approaches to breast cancer treatment have enhanced clinical outcomes and patient care. These approaches include advances in breast irradiation and hormonal and systemic adjuvant therapies. In addition to the identification of new drug targets and targeted therapeutics (eg, trastuzumab), there is renewed re-emphasis in the development of biomarkers for(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer risk education enables women make informed decisions regarding their options for screening and risk reduction. We aimed to determine whether patient education regarding breast cancer risk using a bar graph, with or without a frequency format diagram, improved the accuracy of risk perception. METHODS We conducted a prospective,(More)
Despite the progress that has been made in breast cancer diagnosis and treatment, this disease is still a major health problem, being the most frequently diagnosed cancer and the first leading cause of cancer death among women both in developed and economically developing countries. In some developed countries incidence rate start to decrease from the end(More)
In this work, tissue stiffness estimates are used to differentiate between benign and malignant breast masses in a group of pre-biopsy patients. The rationale is that breast masses are often stiffer than healthy tissue; furthermore, malignant masses are stiffer than benign masses. The comb-push ultrasound shear elastography (CUSE) method is used to(More)
OBJECTIVE To increase breast cancer (BC) awareness, screening services, and education for local underserved women. DESIGN Mayo Clinic launched a twice-monthly, half-day outreach breast clinic composed of 3 women physicians, a nurse and medical interpreters. SETTING Community Adult Literacy Learning Center in Rochester, Minnesota. PATIENTS Underserved(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of the study was to examine patients' understanding of the revised screening mammogram guidelines released by the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) in 2009 addressing age at initiation and frequency of screening mammography. METHODS Patients from the Departments of Family Medicine, Internal Medicine, and(More)