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In this review, we examine the evidence for mammographic density as an independent risk factor for breast cancer, describe the risk prediction models that have incorporated density, and discuss the current and future implications of using mammographic density in clinical practice. Mammographic density is a consistent and strong risk factor for breast cancer(More)
PURPOSE Hot flashes can be a prominent problem in women with a history of breast cancer. Given concerns regarding the use of hormonal therapies in such patients, other nonhormonal means for treating hot flashes are required. Based on anecdotal information regarding the efficacy of fluoxetine and other newer antidepressants for treating hot flashes, the(More)
PURPOSE Recent changes have occurred in the presurgical planning for breast cancer, including the introduction of preoperative breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We sought to analyze the trends in mastectomy rates and the relationship to preoperative MRI and surgical year at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. PATIENTS AND METHODS We identified 5,405(More)
OBJECTIVE Preliminary data suggest that flaxseed, a rich source of dietary lignans, may be a potentially effective treatment of hot flashes. A phase III, randomized, placebo, controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of flaxseed in reducing hot flashes. METHODS Postmenopausal women with or without breast cancer were randomly assigned to a(More)
Pain is one of the most common breast symptoms experienced by women. It can be severe enough to interfere with usual daily activities, but the etiology and optimal treatment remain undefined. Breast pain is typically approached according to its classification as cyclic mastalgia, noncyclic mastalgia, and extramammary (nonbreast) pain. Cyclic mastalgia is(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effectiveness of motivational interviewing training on improving medical students' knowledge of and confidence in their ability to counsel patients regarding health behavior change. SUBJECTS AND METHODS In the spring of 2002, 42 first-year medical students participated in a counseling course on health behavior change. Three small(More)
Vitamin E consists of a number of compounds, tocopherols and tocotrienols, that function as lipid-soluble antioxidants. A hypothesis is that vitamin E may slow the progression of atherosclerosis by blocking the oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and thus decrease its uptake into the arterial lumen. Basic science and animal studies(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess primary care providers' (PCPs') experiences with, perceptions of, and desired role in personalized medicine, with a focus on cancer. DESIGN Qualitative study involving focus groups. SETTING Urban and rural interprofessional primary care team practices in Alberta and Ontario. PARTICIPANTS Fifty-one PCPs. METHODS Semistructured(More)
The management and treatment of an adolescent presenting with a fibroadenoma or virginal breast hypertrophy can be challenging as there is a paucity of original research on these conditions. Although surgical therapies are often discussed as first-line therapy in adolescents presenting with a breast mass, it is prudent that nonsurgical interventions and(More)
OBJECTIVE To obtain pilot prospective data regarding the efficacy and tolerability of gabapentin for alleviating hot flashes. PATIENTS AND METHODS This prospective single-arm clinical trial was conducted between July 26, 2001, and November 30, 2001. Patients underwent a baseline week and then 4 weeks of gabapentin treatment, with increasing doses during(More)