Sanders A. McDougall

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The behavioral effects of repeated methylphenidate (MPH) treatment were assessed in young rats. In 4 experiments, rats (starting at Postnatal Day 10 or 16) were pretreated on 5 consecutive days with saline or MPH (2.5-20.0 mg/kg i.p.). Sensitization was assessed after 1 or 7 abstinence days, with rats receiving a test day challenge injection of either a low(More)
The ability of kappa opioid agonists to modulate dopamine-mediated behavior and Fos immunore-activity was assessed in adult rats. It was predicted that kappa agonist treatment would block the unconditioned and conditioned behaviors produced by cocaine (an indirect dopamine agonist). In the initial experiments, cocaine-induced locomotor activity was assessed(More)
Rationale: Repeated psychostimulant treatment has been shown to sensitize the locomotor activity of young rats, but there is conflicting evidence suggesting that this sensitized response will persist across only a few drug abstinence days. Objective: The purpose of the present study was to determine whether: (a) young rats are capable of expressing a(More)
The ability of the kappa-opioid receptor agonist trans-(+/-)- 3,4-dichloro-N-methyl-N-[2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-cyclohexyl]-benzeneacetamide methanesulfonate (U-50,488) to modulate morphine-induced reward was assessed in preweanling (10- and 17-day-old) and periadolescent (35-day-old) rats using the conditioned place preference paradigm. Conditioning and testing(More)
In the present study, the abilities of NPA (a direct DA receptor agonist) and amphetamine (an indirect DA receptor agonist) to induce short- and long-term behavioral sensitization were assessed in 11- and 17-day-old rats (age at initial injection). Rats were injected on 4 consecutive days with amphetamine (1.0, 2.5, or 5.0 mg/kg), NPA (1.0 mg/kg), or(More)
Rationale: The role played by D1-like receptors in amphetamine-induced behavioral sensitization has been examined using both the D1-like receptor antagonist, SCH 23390, and the D1A receptor knockout mouse (i.e. D1A-deficient mice). Studies using these two approaches have provided conflicting evidence about the importance of D1-like receptors for(More)
In the present study, we examined whether exposing rats to manganese (Mn) during the preweanling period would affect basal or cocaine-induced locomotor activity in adulthood and reduce the number of striatal dopamine transporter binding sites. On postnatal day (PD) 1-21, rats were given oral supplements of vehicle or Mn chloride (250 or 750 microg/day).(More)
 The behavioral effects of repeated methylphenidate (MPH) treatment were assessed in the adult rat. Protein kinase A (PKA) and adenylyl cyclase (basal and DA-stimulated) activity in the dorsal striatum (i.e., caudate-putamen) were measured to determine whether MPH-induced alterations in these enzymes correlate with the occurrence of behavioral(More)
Using a one-trial procedure, preweanling rats exhibit robust sensitization regardless of whether drug pretreatment and testing occur in the same or different environments. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether one-trial context-specific and context-independent sensitization of preweanling rats could be dissociated by varying the(More)
Adult rats typically exhibit more robust behavioral sensitization than do preweanling rats. A possible explanation for this age-dependent difference is that environmental context may have relatively less impact on the psychostimulant-induced behaviors of preweanling rats. The purpose of this study was to assess the importance of environmental context for(More)