Sander S. Korevaar

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There is emerging interest in the application of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) for the prevention and treatment of autoimmune diseases, graft-versus-host disease and allograft rejection. It is, however, unknown how inflammatory conditions affect phenotype and function of MSC. Adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASC) were cultured with(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) inhibit the proliferation of allo-activated lymphocytes. This effect is primarily dependent on the secretion of anti-inflammatory factors by MSCs and is enhanced under inflammatory conditions. MSCs, however, also produce factors that can potentially activate resting immune cells. Full understanding of the behavior of MSCs under(More)
The identification of FOXP3 expressing cells in recipients of an allograft, in particular inside the graft itself, may help to define criteria for immunosuppressive drug withdrawal. We therefore examined expression patterns of several regulatory T-cell (Treg) markers in kidney biopsies and kidney tissues taken at the time of graft rejection from monkeys(More)
The Jak inhibitor CP-690,550 inhibits alloreactivity and is currently being investigated for prevention of allograft rejection after transplantation. In this study, we examined the effect of CP-690,550 on IL-2-mediated Jak/STAT5 phosphorylation by CD4(+)CD25(bright)FoxP3(+)CD127(-/low) T cells (Treg) and CD4(+)CD25(neg) effector T cells (Teff) in kidney(More)
There is growing interest in the use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to improve the outcome of organ transplantation. The immunogenicity of MSCs is, however, unclear and is important for the efficacy of MSC therapy and for potential sensitization against donor antigens. We investigated the susceptibility of autologous and allogeneic MSCs for lysis by(More)
BACKGROUND Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have multilineage differentiation and immunomodulatory capacities and are potentially useful for therapeutic applications, such as tissue regeneration and control of alloreactivity. MSC are present in most tissues including the transplantable organs. It is therefore unavoidable that MSC will be exposed to(More)
Previously, we demonstrated in heart transplant patients that FOXP3, a gene required for the development and function of regulatory T cells, was highly expressed in the graft during an acute cellular rejection. In this study, we analyzed whether the FOXP3 gene expression in the peripheral blood also reflects anti-donor immune responses, and therefore may(More)
BACKGROUND Interleukin (IL)-21 is the most recently described cytokine that signals via the common cytokine receptor (gammac), is produced by activated CD4+ T-cells, and regulates expansion and effector function of CD8+ T-cells. MATERIALS To explore the actions of IL-21 with other gammac-dependent cytokines in alloreactivity, mRNA expression of IL-21,(More)
BACKGROUND Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have immunosuppressive capacities. Although their efficacy is currently studied in graft-versus-host disease, their effect on alloreactivity in solid organ transplant patients is unknown. In this study, the immunosuppressive effect of MSC on recipient anti-donor reactivity was examined before and after clinical(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have potential for therapeutic application as an immunomodulatory and regenerative agent. The immunogenicity and survival of MSCs after infusion are, however, not clear and evidence suggests that allogeneic but also autologous MSCs disappear rapidly after infusion. This may be associated with the susceptibility of MSCs to lysis(More)